The Project Gutenberg eBook, Fanny and the Servant Problem, by Jerome K.

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the United States and most
other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions 
whatsoever.  You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of
the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at  If you are not located in the United States, you'll have
to check the laws of the country where you are located before using this ebook.

Title: Fanny and the Servant Problem
       A Quite Possible Play in Four Acts

Author: Jerome K. Jerome

Release Date: September 8, 2014  [eBook #2829]
[This file was first posted on 2 August 2000]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-646-US (US-ASCII)


Transcribed from the 1909 Hodder & Stoughton edition by David Price, email


Fanny and
the Servant Problem

A Quite Possible Play in Four Acts

Jerome K. Jerome




Hodder and Stoughton
Limited    London


Amateurs wishing to perform this play should apply to:

Samuel French, Ltd.

26 Southampton Street,
Strand, W.C.2.


Made and Printed in Great Britain.
Hazell, Watson & Viney, Ld., London and Aylesbury.



Her Husband, Vernon Wetherell, Lord Bantock

Her Butler, Martin Bennet

Her Housekeeper, Susannah Bennet

Her Maid, Jane Bennet

Her Second Footman, Ernest Bennet

Her Still-room Maid, Honoria Bennet

Her Aunts by marriage, the Misses Wetherell

Her Local Medical Man, Dr. Freemantle

Her quondam Companions, “Our Empire”:
   New Zealand
   Malay Archipelago
   Straits Settlements

Her former Business Manager, George P. Newte



The Lady Bantock’s boudoir, Bantock Hall, Rutlandshire, a spacious room handsomely furnished (chiefly in the style of Louis the Fourteenth) and lighted by three high windows, facing the south-westA door between the fireplace and the windows leads to his lordship’s apartmentsA door the other side of the fireplace is the general entranceThe door opposite the windows leads through her ladyship’s dressing-room into her ladyship’s bedroomOver the great fireplace hangs a full-length portrait of Constance, first Lady Bantock, by Hoppner.

The time is sunset of a day in early springThe youthful Lord Bantock is expected home with his newly wedded wife this evening; and the two Misses Wetherell, his aunts, have been busy decorating the room with flowers, and are nearing the end of their laboursThe two Misses Wetherell have grown so much alike it would be difficult for a stranger to tell one from the other; and to add to his confusion they have fallen into the habit of dressing much alike in a fashion of their own that went out long ago, while the hair of both is white, and even in their voices they have caught each other’s tones.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [she has paused from her work and is looking out of the windows].  Such a lovely sunset, dear.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [she leaves her work and joins her sisterThe two stand holding each other’s hands, looking out].  Beautiful!  [A silenceThe sun is streaming full into the room.]  You—you don’t think, dear, that this room—[she looks round it]—may possibly be a little too sunny to quite suit her?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [not at first understanding].  How, dear, too sun—[She grasps the meaning.]  You mean—you think that perhaps she does that sort of thing?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Well, dear, one is always given to understand that they do, women—ladies of her profession.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It seems to me so wicked: painting God’s work.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We mustn’t judge hardly, dear.  Besides, dear, we don’t know yet that she does.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Perhaps she’s young, and hasn’t commenced it.  I fancy it’s only the older ones that do it.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  He didn’t mention her age, I remember.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  No, dear, but I feel she’s young.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I do hope she is.  We may be able to mould her.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We must be very sympathetic.  One can accomplish so much with sympathy.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We must get to understand her.  [A sudden thought.]  Perhaps, dear, we may get to like her.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [doubtful].  We might try, dear.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  For Vernon’s sake.  The poor boy seems so much in love with her.  We must—

Bennet has enteredHe is the butler.

BENNET.  Doctor Freemantle.  I have shown him into the library.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Thank you, Bennet.  Will you please tell him that we shall be down in a few minutes?  I must just finish these flowers.  [She returns to the table.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Why not ask him to come up here?  We could consult him—about the room.  He always knows everything.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  A good idea.  Please ask him, Bennet, if he would mind coming up to us here.  [Bennet, who has been piling up fresh logs upon the fire, turns to go.]  Oh, Bennet!  You will remind Charles to put a footwarmer in the carriage!

BENNET.  I will see to it myself.  [He goes out.]

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Thank you, Bennet.  [To her sister]  One’s feet are always so cold after a railway journey.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I’ve been told that, nowadays, they heat the carriages.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Ah, it is an age of luxury!  I wish I knew which were her favourite flowers.  It is so nice to be greeted by one’s favourite flowers.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I feel sure she loves lilies.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  And they are so appropriate to a bride.  So—

Announced by Bennet, Dr. Freemantle bustles inHe is a dapper little man, clean-shaven, with quick brisk ways.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he shakes hands].  Well, and how are we this afternoon?  [He feels the pulse of the Younger Miss Wetherell]  Steadier.  Much steadier!  [of the Elder Miss Wetherell.]  Nervous tension greatly relieved.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  She has been sleeping much better.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he pats the hand of the Elder Miss Wetherell].  Excellent!  Excellent!

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  She ate a good breakfast this morning.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he pats the hand of the Younger Miss Wetherell].  Couldn’t have a better sign.  [He smiles from one to the other.]  Brain disturbance, caused by futile opposition to the inevitable, evidently abating.  One page Marcus Aurelius every morning before breakfast.  “Adapt thyself,” says Marcus Aurelius, “to the things with which thy lot has been cast.  Whatever happens—”

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, doctor, it was all so sudden.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  The unexpected!  It has a way of taking us by surprise—bowling us over—completely.  Till we pull ourselves together.  Make the best of what can’t be helped—like brave, sweet gentlewomen.  [He presses their handsThey are both wiping away a tear.]  When do you expect them?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  To-night, by the half-past eight train.  We had a telegram this morning from Dover.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Um! and this is to be her room?  [He takes it in.]  The noble and renowned Constance, friend and confidant of the elder Pitt, maker of history, first Lady Bantock—by Hoppner—always there to keep an eye on her, remind her of the family traditions.  Brilliant idea, brilliant!  [They are both smiling with pleasure.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  And you don’t think—it is what we wanted to ask you—that there is any fear of her finding it a little trying—the light?  You see, this is an exceptionally sunny room.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  And these actresses—if all one hears is true—

The dying sun is throwing his last beams across the room.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Which, thank God, it isn’t.  [He seats himself in a large easy-chairThe two ladies sit side by side on a settee.]  I’ll tell you just exactly what you’ve got to expect.  A lady—a few years older than the boy himself, but still young.  Exquisite figure; dressed—perhaps a trifle too regardless of expense.  Hair—maybe just a shade too golden.  All that can be altered.  Features—piquant, with expressive eyes, the use of which she probably understands, and an almost permanent smile, displaying an admirably preserved and remarkably even set of teeth.  But, above all, clever.  That’s our sheet-anchor.  The woman’s clever.  She will know how to adapt herself to her new position.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [turning to her sister].  Yes, she must be clever to have obtained the position that she has.  [To the Doctor]  Vernon says that she was quite the chief attraction all this winter, in Paris.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  And the French public is so critical.

DR. FREEMANTLE [drily].  Um!  I was thinking rather of her cleverness in “landing” poor Vernon.  The lad’s not a fool.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We must do her justice.  I think she was really in love with him.

DR. FREEMANTLE [still more drily].  Very possibly.  Most café-chantant singers, I take it, would be—with an English lord.  [He laughs.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, she didn’t know he was a lord.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Didn’t know—?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  No.  She married him, thinking him to be a plain Mr. Wetherell, an artist.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Where d’ye get all that from?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  From Vernon himself.  You’ve got his last letter, dear.  [She has opened her chatelaine bag.]  Oh, no, I’ve got it myself.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  He’s not going to break it to her till they reach here this evening.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [she reads].  Yes.  “I shall not break it to her before we reach home.  We were married quietly at the Hôtel de Ville, and she has no idea I am anything else than plain Vernon James Wetherell, a fellow-countryman of her own, and a fellow-artist.  The dear creature has never even inquired whether I am rich or poor.”  I like her for that.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  You mean to tell me—[He jumps upWith his hands in his jacket pockets, he walks to and fro.]  I suppose it’s possible.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, she isn’t the ordinary class of music-hall singer.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I should say not.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  She comes of quite a good family.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Her uncle was a bishop.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Bishop?  Of where?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [with the letter].  He says he can’t spell it.  It’s somewhere in New Zealand.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Do they have bishops over there?


THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Then her cousin is a judge.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  In New Zealand?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [again referring to the letter].  No—in Ohio.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Seems to have been a somewhat scattered family.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  People go about so much nowadays.

Mrs. Bennet has enteredShe is the housekeeper.

MRS. BENNET [she is about to speak to the Misses Wetherell; sees the Doctor].  Good afternoon, doctor.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Afternoon, Mrs. Bennet.

MRS. BENNET [she turns to the Misses Wetherell, her watch in her hand].  I was thinking of having the fire lighted in her ladyship’s bedroom.  It is half past six.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You are always so thoughtful.  She may be tired.

MRS. BENNET.  If so, everything will be quite ready.  [She goes out, closing door.]

DR. FREEMANTLE.  What do they think about it all—the Bennets?  You have told them?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We thought it better.  You see, one hardly regards them as servants.  They have been in the family so long.  Three generations of them.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Really, since our poor dear brother’s death, Bennet has been more like the head of the house than the butler.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Of course, he doesn’t say much.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It is her having been on the stage that they feel so.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, they have always been a religious family.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Do you know, I really think they feel it more than we do.  I found Peggy crying about it yesterday, in the scullery.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he has been listening with a touch of amusement.]  Peggy Bennet?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Yes.  Charles Bennet’s daughter.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Happen to have a servant about the place who isn’t a Bennet?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  No, no, I don’t really think we have.  Oh, yes—that new girl Mrs. Bennet engaged last week for the dairy.  What is her name?




THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I think she’s a cousin, dear.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Only a second cousin.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Um!  Well I should tell the whole family to buck up.  Seems to me, from what you tell me, that their master is bringing them home a treasure.  [He shakes hands briskly with the ladies.]  May look in again to-morrow.  Don’t forget—one page Marcus Aurelius before breakfast—in case of need.  [He goes out.]

The sun has sunkThe light is twilight.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  He always cheers one up.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  He’s so alive.  [Mrs. Bennet comes in from the dressing-roomShe leaves the door ajarThe sound of a hammer is heardIt ceases almost immediately.]  Oh, Mrs. Bennet, we were going to ask you—who is to be her ladyship’s maid?  Have you decided yet?

MRS. BENNET.  I have come to the conclusion—looking at the thing from every point of view—that Jane would be the best selection.


THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  But does she understand the duties?

MRS. BENNET.  A lady’s maid, being so much alone with her mistress, is bound to have a certain amount of influence.  And Jane has exceptionally high principles.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  That is true, dear.

MRS. BENNET.  As regards the duties, she is very quick at learning anything new.  Of course, at first—

The sound of hammering again comes from the bedroom.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Who is that hammering in her ladyship’s bedroom?

MRS. BENNET.  It is Bennet, Miss Edith.  We thought it might be helpful: a few texts, hung where they would always catch her ladyship’s eye.  [She notices the look of doubt.]  Nothing offensive.  Mere general exhortations such as could be read by any lady.  [The Misses Wetherell look at one another, but do not speak.]  I take it, dinner will be at half past seven, as usual?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Yes, Mrs. Bennet, thank you.  They will not be here till about nine.  They will probably prefer a little supper to themselves.

Mrs. Bennet goes out—on her way to the kitchenThe Misses Wetherell look at one another againThe hammering recommences.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [she hesitates a moment, then goes to the open door and calls].  Bennet—Bennet!  [She returns and waitsBennet comes in.]  Oh, Bennet, your wife tells us you are putting up a few texts in her ladyship’s bedroom.

BENNET.  It seemed to me that a silent voice, speaking to her, as it were, from the wall—

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  It is so good of you—only, you—you will be careful there is nothing she could regard as a personal allusion.

BENNET.  Many of the most popular I was compelled to reject, purely for that reason.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We felt sure we could trust to your discretion.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, coming, as she does, from a good family—

BENNET.  It is that—I speak merely for myself—that gives me hope of reclaiming her.

A silenceThe two ladies, feeling a little helpless, again look at one another.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We must be very sympathetic.


BENNET.  It is what I am preparing myself to be.  Of course, if you think them inadvisable, I can take them down again.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  No, Bennet, oh no!  I should leave them up.  Very thoughtful of you, indeed.

BENNET.  It seemed to me one ought to leave no stone unturned.  [He returns to his labours in the bedroom.]

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [after a pause].  I do hope she’ll like the Bennets.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I think she will—after a time, when she is used to them.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I am so anxious it should turn out well.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I feel sure she’s a good woman.  Vernon would never have fallen in love with her if she hadn’t been good.  [They take each other’s hand, and sit side by side, as before, upon the setteeThe twilight has faded: only the faint firelight remains, surrounded by shadows.]  Do you remember, when he was a little mite, how he loved to play with your hair?  [The younger Miss Wetherell laughs.]  I always envied you your hair.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  He was so fond of us both.  Do you remember when he was recovering from the measles, his crying for us to bath him instead of Mrs. Bennet?  I have always reproached myself that we refused.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  He was such a big boy for his age.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I think we might have stretched a point in a case of illness.

The room has grown very darkThe door has been softly opened; Vernon and Fanny have entered noiselesslyFanny remains near the door hidden by a screen, Vernon has crept forwardAt this point the two ladies become aware that somebody is in the roomThey are alarmed.


VERNON.  It’s all right, aunt.  It’s only I.

The two ladies have risenThey run forward, both take him in their arms.



THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  But we didn’t expect you—

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  And your wife, dear?

VERNON.  She’s here!


Fanny, from behind the screen, laughs.

VERNON.  We’ll have some light.  [He whispers to them.]  Not a word—haven’t told her yet.  [Feeling his way to the wall, he turns on the electric light.]

Fanny is revealed, having slipped out from behind the screenThere is a pauseVernon, standing near the fire, watches admiringly.

FANNY.  Hope you are going to like me.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  My dear, I am sure we shall.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It is so easy to love the young and pretty.  [They have drawn close to herThey seem to hesitate.]

FANNY [laughs].  It doesn’t come off, does it, Vernon, dear?  [Vernon laughsThe two ladies, laughing, kiss her.]  I’m so glad you think I’m pretty.  As a matter of fact, I’m not.  There’s a certain charm about me, I admit.  It deceives people.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We were afraid—you know, dear, boys—[she looks at Vernon and smiles] sometimes fall in love with women much older than themselves—especially women—[She grows confusedShe takes the girl’s hand.]  We are so relieved that you—that you are yourself, dear,

FANNY.  You were quite right, dear.  They are sweet.  Which is which?

VERNON [laughs].  Upon my word, I never can tell.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Vernon!  And you know I was always your favourite!


VERNON.  Then this is Aunt Alice.


[Vernon throws up his hands in despairThey all laugh.]

FANNY.  I think I shall dress you differently; put you in blue and you in pink.  [She laughs.]  Is this the drawing-room?

VERNON.  Your room, dear.

FANNY.  I like a room where one can stretch one’s legs.  [She walks across it.]  A little too much desk [referring to a massive brass-bound desk, facing the three windows].

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It belonged to the elder Pitt.

FANNY.  Um!  Suppose we must find a corner for it somewhere.  That’s a good picture.


FANNY.  One of your artist friends?

VERNON.  Well—you see, dear, that’s a portrait of my great-grandmother, painted from life.

FANNY [she whistles].  I am awfully ignorant on some topics.  One good thing, I always was a quick study.  Not a bad-looking woman.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We are very proud of her.  She was the first—

VERNON [hastily].  We will have her history some other time.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [who understands, signs to her sister].  Of course.  She’s tired.  We are forgetting everything.  You will have some tea, won’t you, dear?

FANNY.  No, thanks.  We had tea in the train.  [With the more or less helpful assistance of Vernon she divests herself of her outdoor garments.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [she holds up her hands in astonishment].  Tea in the train!

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We were not expecting you so soon.  You said in your telegram—

VERNON.  Oh, it was raining in London.  We thought we would come straight on—leave our shopping for another day.

FANNY.  I believe you were glad it was raining.  Saved you such a lot of money.  Old Stingy!

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Then did you walk from the station, dear?

FANNY.  Didn’t it seem a long way?  [She laughs up into his face.]  He was so bored.  [Vernon laughs.]

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I had better tell—[She is going towards the bell.]

VERNON [he stops her].  Oh, let them alone.  Plenty of time for all that fuss.  [He puts them both gently side by side on the settee.]  Sit down and talk.  Haven’t I been clever?  [He puts his arm round Fanny, laughing.]  You thought I had made an ass of myself, didn’t you?  Did you get all my letters?


FANNY [she is sitting in an easy-chairVernon seats himself on the arm].  Do you know I’ve never had a love-letter from you?

VERNON.  You gave me no time.  She met me a month ago, and married me last week.

FANNY.  It was quick work.  He came—he saw—I conquered!  [Laughs.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  They say that love at first sight is often the most lasting.

VERNON [he puts his arm around her].  You are sure you will never regret having given up the stage?  The excitement, the—

FANNY.  The excitement!  Do you know what an actress’s life always seemed to me like?  Dancing on a tight-rope with everybody throwing stones at you.  One soon gets tired of that sort of excitement.  Oh, I was never in love with the stage.  Had to do something for a living.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  It must be a hard life for a woman.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Especially for anyone not brought up to it.

FANNY.  You see, I had a good voice and what I suppose you might call a natural talent for acting.  It seemed the easiest thing.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I suppose your family were very much opposed to it?  [Vernon risesHe stands with his back to the fire.]

FANNY.  My family?  Hadn’t any!


Bennet entersVernon and Fanny left the door openHe halts, framed by the doorway.

FANNY.  No.  You see, I was an only child.  My father and mother both died before I was fourteen.


FANNY.  Oh, him!  It was to get away from him and all that crew that I went on the stage.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It is so sad when relations don’t get on together.

FANNY.  Sadder still when they think they’ve got a right to trample on you, just because you happen to be an orphan and—I don’t want to talk about my relations.  I want to forget them.  I stood them for nearly six months.  I don’t want to be reminded of them.  I want to forget that they ever existed.  I want to forget—

Bennet has come down very quietlyFanny, from where he stands, is the only one who sees himHe stands looking at her, his features, as ever, immovableAt sight of him her eyes and mouth open wider and widerThe words die away from her tongueVernon has turned away to put a log on the fire, and so has not seen her expression—only hears her sudden silenceHe looks up and sees Bennet.

VERNON.  Ah, Bennet!  [He advances, holding out his hand.]  You quite well?

BENNET [shaking hands with him].  Quite well.

VERNON.  Good!  And all the family?

BENNET.  Nothing to complain of.  Charles has had a touch of influenza.

VERNON.  Ah, sorry to hear that.

BENNET.  And your lordship?

VERNON.  Fit as a fiddle—your new mistress.

Fanny has risenBennet turns to herFor a moment his back is towards the other threeFanny alone sees his face.

BENNET.  We shall endeavour to do our duty to her ladyship.  [He turns to Vernon.]  I had arranged for a more fitting reception—

VERNON.  To tell the honest truth, Bennet, the very thing we were afraid of—why we walked from the station, and slipped in by the side door.  [Laughing.]  Has the luggage come?

BENNET.  It has just arrived.  It was about that I came to ask.  I could not understand—

The Misses Wetherell have also risenFanny’s speechless amazement is attributed by them and Vernon to natural astonishment at discovery of his rank.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  You will be wanting a quiet talk together.  We shall see you at dinner.

VERNON.  What time is dinner?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Half past seven.  [To Fanny]  But don’t you hurry, dear.  I will tell cook to delay it a little.  [She kisses her.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You will want some time to arrange that pretty hair of yours.  [She also kisses the passive, speechless FannyThey go out hand in hand.]

BENNET.  I will see, while I am here, that your lordship’s room is in order.

VERNON.  Why, where’s Robert, then?

BENNET.  He has gone into town to do some shopping.  We did not expect your lordship much before nine.  There may be one or two things to see to.  [He goes into his lordship’s apartments, closing the door behind him.]

FANNY.  Vernon, where am I?

VERNON.  At home, dear.

FANNY.  Yes, but where?

VERNON.  At Bantock Hall, Rutlandshire.  [Fanny sits down on the settee—drops down rather.]  You’re not angry with me?  You know how the world always talks in these cases.  I wanted to be able to prove to them all that you married me for myself.  Not because I was Lord Bantock.  Can you forgive me?

FANNY [she still seems in a dream].  Yes—of course.  You didn’t—you wouldn’t—[She suddenly springs up.]  Vernon, you do love me?  [She flings her arms round his neck.]

VERNON.  Dear!

FANNY.  You will never be ashamed of me?

VERNON.  Dearest!

FANNY.  I was only a music-hall singer.  There’s no getting over it, you know.

VERNON.  I should have loved you had you been a beggar-maid.

FANNY [she still clings to him].  With an uncle a costermonger, and an aunt who sold matches.  It wouldn’t have made any difference to you, would it?  You didn’t marry me for my family, did you?  You didn’t, did you?

VERNON.  Darling!  I married you because you are the most fascinating, the most lovable, the most wonderful little woman in the world.  [Fanny gives a sob.]  As for your family—I’ve got a confession to make to you, dear.  I made inquiries about your family before I proposed to you.  Not for my own sake—because I knew I’d have to answer a lot of stupid questions.  It seemed to me quite a good family.

FANNY.  It is!  Oh, it is!  There never was such a respectable family.  That’s why I never could get on with them.

VERNON [laughing].  Well, you haven’t got to—any more.  We needn’t even let them know—

Bennet returns.

BENNET.  Robert I find has returned.  It is ten minutes to seven.

VERNON.  Thanks.  Well, I shall be glad of a bath.  [He turns to Fanny.]  Bennet will send your maid to you.  [He whispers to her.]  You’ll soon get used to it all.  As for the confounded family—we will forget all about them.  [Fanny answers with another little stifled sobBennet is drawing the curtains, his back to the roomVernon, seeing that Bennet is occupied, kisses the unresponsive Fanny and goes out.]

At the sound of the closing of the door, Fanny looks upShe goes to the door through which Vernon has just passed, listens a moment, then returnsBennet calmly finishes the drawing of the curtainsThen he, too, crosses slowly till he and Fanny are facing one another across the centre of the room.

FANNY.  Well, what are you going to do?

BENNET.  My duty!

FANNY.  What’s that?  Something unpleasant, I know.  I can bet my bottom dollar.

BENNET.  That, my girl, will depend upon you.

FANNY.  How upon me?

BENNET.  Whether you prove an easy or a difficult subject.  To fit you for your position, a certain amount of training will, I fancy, be necessary.

FANNY.  Training!  I’m to be—[She draws herself up.]  Are you aware who I am?

BENNET.  Oh yes.  And who you were.  His lordship, I take it, would hardly relish the discovery that he had married his butler’s niece.  He might consider the situation awkward.

FANNY.  And who’s going to train me?

BENNET.  I am.  With the assistance of your aunt and such other members of your family as I consider can be trusted.

FANNY [for a moment she is speechless, then she bursts out].  That ends it!  I shall tell him!  I shall tell him this very moment.  [She sweeps towards the door.]

BENNET.  At this moment you will most likely find his lordship in his bath.

FANNY.  I don’t care!  Do you think—do you think for a moment that I’m going to allow myself—I, Lady Bantock, to be—[Her hand upon the door.]  I shall tell him, and you’ll only have yourself to blame.  He loves me.  He loves me for myself.  I shall tell him the whole truth, and ask him to give you all the sack.

BENNET.  You’re not forgetting that you’ve already told him once who you were?

[It stops herWhat she really did was to leave the marriage arrangements in the hands of her business manager, George P. NewteAs agent for a music-hall star, he is ideal, but it is possible that in answering Lord Bantock’s inquiries concerning Fanny’s antecedents he may not have kept strictly to the truth.]

FANNY.  I never did.  I’ve never told him anything about my family.

BENNET.  Curious.  I was given to understand it was rather a classy affair.

FANNY.  I can’t help what other people may have done.  Because some silly idiot of a man may possibly—[She will try a new tackShe leaves the door and comes to him.]  Uncle, dear, wouldn’t it be simpler for you all to go away?  He’s awfully fond of me.  He’ll do anything I ask him.  I could merely say that I didn’t like you and get him to pension you off.  You and aunt could have a little roadside inn somewhere—with ivy.

BENNET.  Seeing that together with the stables and the garden there are twenty-three of us—

FANNY.  No, of course, he couldn’t pension you all.  You couldn’t expect—

BENNET.  I think his lordship might prefer to leave things as they are.  Good servants nowadays are not so easily replaced.  And neither your aunt nor I are at an age when change appeals to one.

FANNY.  You see, it’s almost bound to creep out sooner or later, and then—

BENNET.  We will make it as late as possible [He crosses and rings the bell], giving you time to prove to his lordship that you are not incapable of learning.

FANNY [she drops back on the setteeShe is half-crying.]  Some people would be pleased that their niece had married well.

BENNET.  I am old-fashioned enough to think also of my duty to those I serve.  If his lordship has done me the honour to marry my niece, the least I can is to see to it that she brings no discredit to his name.  [Mrs. Bennet, followed by Jane Bennet, a severe-looking woman of middle age, has entered upon the wordsthe least I can do.”  Bennet stays them a moment with his hand while he finishesThen he turns to his wife.]  You will be interested to find, Susannah, that the new Lady Bantock is not a stranger.

MRS. BENNET.  Not a stranger!  [She has reached a position from where she sees the girl.]  Fanny!  You wicked girl!  Where have you been all these years?

BENNET [interposing].  There will be other opportunities for the discussion of family differences.  Just now, her ladyship is waiting to dress for dinner.

MRS. BENNET [sneering].  Her ladyship!

JANE [also sneering].  I think she might have forewarned us of the honour in store for us.

MRS. BENNET.  Yes, why didn’t she write?

FANNY.  Because I didn’t know.  Do you think—[she rises]—that if I had I would ever have married him—to be brought back here and put in this ridiculous position?  Do you think that I am so fond of you all that I couldn’t keep away from you, at any price?

MRS. BENNET.  But you must have known that Lord Bantock—

FANNY.  I didn’t know he was Lord Bantock.  I only knew him as Mr. Wetherell, an artist.  He wanted to feel sure that I was marrying him for himself alone.  He never told me—[Ernest Bennet, a very young footman, has entered in answer to Bennet’s ring of a minute agoHe has come forward step by step, staring all the while open-mouthed at FannyTurning, she sees him beside her.]  Hulloa, Ernie.  How are the rabbits?  [She kisses him.]

BENNET.  Don’t stand there gaping.  I rang for some wood.  Tell your brother dinner will be at a quarter to eight.

Ernest, never speaking, still staring at Fanny, gets clumsily out again.

FANNY.  Well, I suppose I’d better see about dressing?  Do I dine with his lordship or in the servants’ hall?

MRS. BENNET [turns to her husband].  You see!  Still the old impertinence.

FANNY.  Only wanted to know.  My only desire is to give satisfaction.

BENNET [he moves towards the door].  You will do it by treating the matter more seriously.  At dinner, by keeping your eye upon me, you will be able to tell whether you are behaving yourself or not.

MRS. BENNET.  And mind you are punctual.  I have appointed Jane to be your maid.

FANNY.  Jane!

MRS. BENNET [in arms].  Have you any objections?

FANNY.  No, oh no, so long as you’re all satisfied.

MRS. BENNET.  Remember, you are no longer on the music-hall stage.  In dressing for Bantock Hall you will do well to follow her advice.

Bennet, who has been waiting with the door in his hand, goes out; Mrs. Bennet follows.

JANE [in the tones of a patient executioner].  Are you ready?

FANNY.  Quite ready, dear.  Of course—I don’t know what you will think of them—but I’ve only brought modern costumes with me.

JANE [not a lady who understands satire].  We must do the best we can.  [She marches out—into the dressing-room.]

Fanny, after following a few steps, stops and thinksErnest has entered with the woodHe is piling it in the basket by the fireHis entrance decides herShe glances through the open door of the dressing-room, then flies across to the desk, seats herself, and begins feverishly to write a telegram.

FANNY.  Ernie!  [He comes across to her.]  Have you still got your bicycle?


FANNY.  Could you get this telegram off for me before eight o’clock?  I don’t want it sent from the village; I want you to take it yourself—into the town.  There’s a sovereign for you if you do it all right.

ERNEST.  I’ll do it.  Can only get into a row.

FANNY.  Pretty used to them, ain’t you?  [She has risenShe gives him the telegramShe has stamped it.]  Can you read it?

ERNEST.  “George P. Newte.”

FANNY.  Hush!

They both glance at the open door.

ERNEST [he continues in a lower voice].  “72A, Waterloo Bridge Road, London.  Must see you at once.  Am at the new shop.”  [He looks up.]

FANNY.  That’s all right.

ERNEST.  “Come down.  Q.T.  Fanny.”

FANNY [nods].  Get off quietly.  I’ll see you again—

THE VOICE OF JANE [from the dressing-room].  Are you going to keep me waiting all night?

[They startErnest hastily thrusts the telegram into his breast-pocket.]

FANNY.  Coming, dear, coming.  [To Ernest]  Not a word to anyone!  [She hurries him out and closes door behind him.]  Merely been putting the room a bit tidy.  [She is flying round collecting her outdoor garments.]  Thought it would please you.  So sorry if I’ve kept you waiting.  [Jane has appeared at door.]  After you, dear.

Jane goes out againFanny, with her pile of luggage, follows.




The same.

Time.—The next morning.

The door opensDr. Freemantle enters, shown in by Bennet, who follows him.

DR. FREEMANTLE [talking as he enters].  Wonderful!  Wonderful!  I don’t really think I ever remember so fine a spring.

BENNET [he is making up the fire].  I’m afraid we shall have to pay for it later on.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I expect so.  Law of the universe, you know, Bennet—law of the universe.  Everything in this world has got to be paid for.

BENNET.  Except trouble.  [The doctor laughs.]  The Times?  [He hands it to him.]

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Thanks.  Thanks.  [Seats himself.]  Won’t be long—his lordship, will he?

BENNET.  I don’t think so.  I told him you would be here about eleven.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Um—what do you think of her?

BENNET.  Of—of her ladyship?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  What’s she like?

BENNET.  [They have sunk their voices.]  Well, it might have been worse.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Ah!  There’s always that consolation, isn’t there?

BENNET.  I think her ladyship—with management—may turn out very satisfactory.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  You like her?

BENNET.  At present, I must say for her, she appears willing to be taught.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  And you think it will last?

BENNET.  I think her ladyship appreciates the peculiarity of her position.  I will tell the Miss Wetherells you are here.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Ah, thanks!

BENNET.  I fancy her ladyship will not herself be visible much before lunch time.  I understand she woke this morning with a headache.  [He goes out.]

The Doctor reads a momentThen the door of the dressing-room opens, and Fanny entersHer dress is a wonderful contrast to her costume of last eveningIt might be that of a poor and demure nursery governessHer hair is dressed in keepingShe hardly seems the same woman.

FANNY [seeing the Doctor, she pauses].  Oh!

DR. FREEMANTLE [rises].  I beg pardon, have I the pleasure of seeing Lady Bantock?

FANNY.  Yes.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Delighted.  May I introduce myself—Dr. Freemantle?  I helped your husband into the world.

FANNY.  Yes.  I’ve heard of you.  You don’t mind my closing this door, do you?  [Her very voice and manner are changed.]

DR. FREEMANTLE [a little puzzled].  Not at all.

FANNY [she closes the door and returns].  Won’t—won’t you be seated?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Thanks.  [They both sit.]  How’s the headache?

FANNY.  Oh, it’s better.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Ah!  [A silence.]  Forgive me—I’m an old friend of the family.  You’re not a bit what I expected.

FANNY.  But you like it?  I mean you think this—[with a gesture]—is all right?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  My dear young lady, it’s charming.  You couldn’t be anything else.

FANNY.  Thank you.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I merely meant that—well, I was not expecting anything so delightfully demure.

FANNY.  That’s the idea—“seemly.”  The Lady Bantocks have always been “seemly”?  [She puts it as a question.]

DR. FREEMANTLE [more and more puzzled].  Yes—oh, yes.  They have always been—[His eye catches that of Constance, first Lady Bantock, looking down at him from above the chimney-pieceHis tone changes.]  Well, yes, in their way, you know.

FANNY.  You see, I’m in the difficult position of following her late ladyship.  She appears to have been exceptionally “seemly.”  This is her frock.  I mean it was her frock.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  God bless my soul!  You are not dressing yourself up in her late ladyship’s clothes?  The dear good woman has been dead and buried these twenty years.

FANNY [she looks at her dress].  Yes, it struck me as being about that period.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he goes across to her].  What’s the trouble?  Too much Bennet?

FANNY [she looks upThere is a suspicion of a smile].  One might say—sufficient?

DR. FREEMANTLE [laughs].  Excellent servants.  If they’d only remember it.  [He glances round—sinks his voice.]  Take my advice.  Put your foot down—before it’s too late.

FANNY.  Sit down, please.  [She makes room for him on the settee.]  Because I’m going to be confidential.  You don’t mind, do you?

DR. FREEMANTLE [seating himself].  My dear, I take it as the greatest compliment I have had paid to me for years.

FANNY.  You put everything so nicely.  I’m two persons.  I’m an angel—perhaps that is too strong a word?

DR. FREEMANTLE [doubtfully].  Well—

FANNY.  We’ll say saint.  Or else I’m—the other thing.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Do you know, I think you could be.

FANNY.  It’s not a question about which there is any doubt.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Of course, in this case, a little bit of the devil—

FANNY [she shakes her head].  There’s such a lot of mine.  It has always hampered me, never being able to hit the happy medium.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  It is awkward.

FANNY.  I thought I would go on being an angel—


FANNY.  Saint—till—well, till it became physically impossible to be a saint any longer.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  And then?

FANNY [she rises, turns to him with a gesture of half-comic, half-tragic despair].  Well, then I can’t help it, can I?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I think you’re making a mistake.  An explosion will undoubtedly have to take place.  That being so, the sooner it takes place the better.  [He rises.]  What are you afraid of?

FANNY [she changes her tone—the talk becomes serious].  You’ve known Vernon all his life?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  No one better.

FANNY.  Tell me.  I’ve known him only as a lover.  What sort of a man is he?

A pauseThey are looking straight into each other’s eyes.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  A man it pays to be perfectly frank with.

FANNY.  It’s a very old family, isn’t it?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Old!  Good Lord no!  First Lord Bantock was only Vernon’s great-grandfather.  That is the woman that did it all.  [He is looking at the Hoppner.]

FANNY.  How do you mean?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Got them their title.  Made the name of Bantock of importance in the history of the Georges.  Clever woman.

FANNY [leaning over a chair, she is staring into the eyes of the first Lady Bantock].  I wonder what she would have done if she had ever got herself into a really first-class muddle?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  One thing’s certain.  [Fanny turns to him.]  She’d have got out of it.

FANNY [addresses the portrait].  I do wish you could talk.

Vernon bursts into the roomHe has been ridingHe throws aside his hat and stick.

VERNON.  Hulloa!  This is good of you.  [He shakes hands with the Doctor.]  How are you?  [Without waiting for any reply, he goes to Fanny, kisses her.]  Good morning, dear.  How have you been getting on together, you two?  Has she been talking to you?


VERNON.  Doesn’t she talk well?  I say, what have you been doing to yourself?

FANNY.  Jane thought this style—[with a gesture]—more appropriate to Lady Bantock.

VERNON.  Um!  Wonder if she’s right?  [To the Doctor]  What do you think?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I think it a question solely for Lady Bantock.

VERNON.  Of course it is.  [To Fanny]  You know, you mustn’t let them dictate to you.  Dear, good, faithful souls, all of them.  But they must understand that you are mistress.

FANNY [she seizes eagerly at the chance].  You might mention it to them, dear.  It would come so much better from you.

VERNON.  No, you.  They will take more notice of you.

FANNY.  I’d so much rather you did it.  [To Dr. Freemantle]  Don’t you think it would come better from him?

DR. FREEMANTLE [laughs].  I’m afraid you’ll have to do it yourself.

VERNON.  You see, dear, it might hurt them, coming from me.  It would seem like ingratitude.  Mrs. Bennet—Why, it wasn’t till I began to ask questions that I grasped the fact that she wasn’t my real mother.  As for old Bennet, ever since my father died—well, I hardly know how I could have got on without him.  It was Charles Bennet that taught me to ride; I learned my letters sitting on Jane’s lap.

FANNY.  Yes.  Perhaps I had better do it myself.

VERNON.  I’m sure it will be more effective.  Of course I shall support you.

FANNY.  Thank you.  Oh, by the by, dear, I shan’t be able to go with you to-day.

VERNON.  Why not?

FANNY.  I’ve rather a headache.

VERNON.  Oh, I’m so sorry.  Oh, all right, we’ll stop at home.  I’m not so very keen about it.

FANNY.  No, I want you to go, dear.  Your aunts are looking forward to it.  I shall get over it all the sooner with everybody out of the way.

VERNON.  Well, if you really wish it.

The Misses Wetherell steal inThey are dressed for drivingThey exchange greetings with the Doctor.

FANNY.  You know you promised to obey.  [Tickles his nose with a flower.]

VERNON [laughing—to the Doctor].  You see what it is to be married?

DR. FREEMANTLE [laughs].  Very trying.

VERNON [turning to his aunts].  Fanny isn’t coming with us.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [to Fanny].  Oh, my dear!

FANNY.  It’s only a headache.  [She takes her aside.]  I’m rather glad of it.  I want an excuse for a little time to myself.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I understand, dear.  It’s all been so sudden.  [She kisses her—then to the room]  She’ll be all the better alone.  We three will go on.  [She nods and signs to her sister.]

FANNY [kissing the Elder Miss Wetherell].  Don’t you get betting.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Oh no, dear, we never do.  It’s just to see the dear horses.  [She joins her sisterThey whisper.]

VERNON [to the Doctor to whom he has been talking].  Can we give you a lift?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Well, you might as far as the Vicarage.  Good-bye, Lady Bantock.

FANNY [shaking hands].  Good-bye, Doctor.

VERNON.  Sure you won’t be lonely?

FANNY [laughs].  Think I can’t exist an hour without you?  Mr. Conceited!

VERNON [laughs and kisses her].  Come along.  [He takes the Doctor and his younger Aunt towards the door.]

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [who is following last].  I like you in that frock.

FANNY [laughs].  So glad.  It’s Ernest who attends to the fires, isn’t it?


FANNY.  I wish you’d send him up.  [At door—calls after them]  Hope you’ll all enjoy yourselves!

VERNON [from the distance].  I shall put you on a fiver.

FANNY.  Mind it wins.  [She listens a moment—closes door, comes back to desk, and takes a Bradshaw.]  Five-six-three—five-six-three.  [Finds page.]  St. Pancras, eight o’clock.  Oh, Lord!  Stamford, 10.45.  Leave Stamford—[Ernest has entered.]  Is that you, Ernest?


FANNY.  Shut the door.  Sure it went off last night, that telegram?


FANNY.  If he doesn’t catch that eight o’clock, he can’t get here till nearly four.  That will be awkward.  [To Ernest]  What time is it now?

ERNEST [looks at clock].  Twenty past eleven.

FANNY.  If he does, he’ll be here about twelve—I believe I’ll go and meet him.  Could I get out without being seen?

ERNEST.  You’ll have to pass the lodge.

FANNY.  Who’s at the lodge now?

ERNEST.  Mother.

FANNY.  Damn!

Bennet has entered unnoticed and drawn nearAt this point from behind, he boxes Ernest’s ears.

ERNEST.  Here, steady!

BENNET.  On the occasions when your cousin forgets her position, you will remember it and remind her of it.  Get out!  [Ernest, clumsily as ever, “gets out.”]  A sort of person has called who, according to his own account, “happened to be passing this way,” and would like to see you.

FANNY [who has been trying to hide the Bradshaw—with affected surprise.]  To see me!

BENNET [drily].  Yes.  I thought you would be surprised.  He claims to be an old friend of yours—Mr. George Newte.

FANNY [still keeping it up].  George Newte!  Of course—ah, yes.  Do you mind showing him up?

BENNET.  I thought I would let you know he had arrived, in case you might be getting anxious about him.  I propose giving him a glass of beer and sending him away again.

FANNY [flares up].  Look here, uncle, you and I have got to understand one another.  I may put up with being bullied myself—if I can’t see any help for it—but I’m not going to stand my friends being insulted.  You show Mr. Newte up here.

A silence.

BENNET.  I shall deem it my duty to inform his lordship of Mr. Newte’s visit.

FANNY.  There will be no need to.  Mr. Newte, if his arrangements permit, will be staying to dinner.

BENNET.  That, we shall see about.  [He goes out.]

FANNY [following him to door].  And tell them I shall want the best bedroom got ready in case Mr. Newte is able to stay the night.  I’ve done it.  [She goes to piano, dashes into theMerry Widow Waltz,” or some other equally inappropriate but well-known melody, and then there enters Newte, shown in by BennetNewte is a cheerful person, attractively dressed in clothes suggestive of a successful bookmakerHe carries a white pot hat and tasselled caneHis gloves are large and brightHe is smoking an enormous cigar.]

BENNET.  Mr. Newte.

FANNY [she springs up and greets himThey are evidently good friends].  Hulloa, George!

NEWTE.  Hulloa, Fan—I beg your pardon, Lady Bantock.  [Laughs.]  Was just passing this way—

FANNY [cutting him short].  Yes.  So nice of you to call.

NEWTE.  I said to myself—[His eye catches Bennet; he stops.]  Ah, thanks.  [He gives Bennet his hat and stick, but Bennet does not seem satisfiedHe has taken from the table a small china trayThis he is holding out to Newte, evidently for Newte to put something in itBut whatNewte is puzzled, he glances at FannyThe idea strikes him that perhaps it is a tip Bennet is waiting forIt seems odd, but if it be the custom—he puts his hand to his trousers pocket.]

BENNET.  The smoking-room is on the ground-floor.

NEWTE.  Ah, my cigar.  I beg your pardon.  I couldn’t understand.  [He puts it on the tray—breaks into a laugh.]

BENNET.  Thank you.  Her ladyship is suffering from a headache.  If I might suggest—a little less boisterousness.  [He goes out.]

NEWTE [he watches him out].  I say, your Lord Chamberlain’s a bit of a freezer!

FANNY.  Yes.  Wants hanging out in the sun.  How did you manage to get here so early?  [She sits.]

NEWTE.  Well, your telegram rather upset me.  I thought—correct etiquette for me to sit down here, do you think?

FANNY.  Don’t ask me.  Got enough new tricks of my own to learn.  [Laughs.]  Should chance it, if I were you.

NEWTE.  Such a long time since I was at Court.  [He sits.]  Yes, I was up at five o’clock this morning.

FANNY [laughs].  Oh, you poor fellow!

NEWTE.  Caught the first train to Melton, and came on by cart.  What’s the trouble?

FANNY.  A good deal.  Why didn’t you tell me what I was marrying?

NEWTE.  I did.  I told you that he was a gentleman; that he—

FANNY.  Why didn’t you tell me that he was Lord Bantock?  You knew, didn’t you?

NEWTE [begins to see worries ahead].  Can’t object to my putting a cigar in my mouth if I don’t light it—can he?

FANNY.  Oh, light it—anything you like that will help you to get along.

NEWTE [bites the end off the cigar and puts it between his teethThis helps him].  No, I didn’t know—not officially.

FANNY.  What do you mean—“not officially”?

NEWTE.  He never told me.

FANNY.  He never told you anything—for the matter of that.  I understood you had found out everything for yourself.

NEWTE.  Yes; and one of the things I found out was that he didn’t want you to know.  I could see his little game.  Wanted to play the Lord Burleigh fake.  Well, what was the harm?  Didn’t make any difference to you!

FANNY.  Didn’t make any difference to me!  [Jumps up.]  Do you know what I’ve done?  Married into a family that keeps twenty-three servants, every blessed one of whom is a near relation of my own.  [He sits paralysedShe goes on.]  That bald-headed old owl—[with a wave towards the door]—that wanted to send you off with a glass of beer and a flea in your ear—that’s my uncle.  The woman that opened the lodge gate for you is my Aunt Amelia.  The carroty-headed young man that answered the door to you is my cousin Simeon.  He always used to insist on kissing me.  I’m expecting him to begin again.  My “lady’s” maid is my cousin Jane.  That’s why I’m dressed like this!  My own clothes have been packed off to the local dressmaker to be made “decent.”  Meanwhile, they’ve dug up the family vault to find something for me to go on with.  [He has been fumbling in all his pockets for matchesShe snatches a box from somewhere and flings it to him.]  For Heaven’s sake light it!  Then, perhaps, you’ll be able to do something else than stare.  I have claret and water—mixed—with my dinner.  Uncle pours it out for me.  They’ve locked up my cigarettes.  Aunt Susannah is coming in to-morrow morning to hear me say my prayers.  Doesn’t trust me by myself.  Thinks I’ll skip them.  She’s the housekeeper here.  I’ve got to know them by heart before I go to bed to-night, and now I’ve mislaid them.  [She goes to the desk—hunts for them.]

NEWTE [having lighted his eternal cigar, he can begin to think].  But why should they

FANNY [still at desk].  Because they’re that sort.  They honestly think they are doing the right and proper thing—that Providence has put it into their hands to turn me out a passable substitute for all a Lady Bantock should be; which, so far as I can understand, is something between the late lamented Queen Victoria and Goody-Two-Shoes.  They are the people that I ran away from, the people I’ve told you about, the people I’ve always said I’d rather starve than ever go back to.  And here I am, plumped down in the midst of them again—for life!  [Honoria Bennet, thestill-roommaid, has enteredShe is a pert young minx of about Fanny’s own age.]  What is is?  What is it?

HONORIA.  Merely passing through.  Sorry to have excited your ladyship.  [Goes into dressing-room.]

FANNY.  My cousin Honoria.  They’ve sent her up to keep an eye upon me.  Little cat!  [She takes her handkerchief, drapes it over the keyhole of the dressing-room door.]

NEWTE [at sight of Honoria he has jumped up and hastily hidden his cigar behind him].  What are you going to do?

FANNY [she seats herself and suggests to him the writing-chair].  Hear from you—first of all—exactly what you told Vernon.

NEWTE [sitting].  About you?

FANNY [nods].  About me—and my family.

NEWTE.  Well—couldn’t tell him much, of course.  Wasn’t much to tell.

FANNY.  I want what you did tell.

NEWTE.  I told him that your late father was a musician.

FANNY.  Yes.

NEWTE.  Had been unfortunate.  Didn’t go into particulars.  Didn’t seem to be any need for it.  That your mother had died when you were still only a girl and that you had gone to live with relatives.  [He looks for approval.]

FANNY.  Yes.

NEWTE.  That you hadn’t got on well with them—artistic temperament, all that sort of thing—that, in consequence, you had appealed to your father’s old theatrical friends; and that they—that they, having regard to your talent—and beauty—

FANNY.  Thank you.

NEWTE.  Had decided that the best thing you could do was to go upon the stage.  [He finishes, tolerably well pleased with himself.]

FANNY.  That’s all right.  Very good indeed.  What else?

NEWTE [after an uncomfortable pause].  Well, that’s about all I knew.

FANNY.  Yes, but what did you tell him?

NEWTE.  Well, of course, I had to tell him something.  A man doesn’t marry without knowing just a little about his wife’s connections.  Wouldn’t be reasonable to expect him.  You’d never told me anything—never would; except that you’d liked to have boiled the lot.  What was I to do?  [He is playing with a quill pen he has picked up.]

FANNY [she takes it from him].  What did you do?

NEWTE [with fine frankness].  I did the best I could for you, old girl, and he was very nice about it.  Said it was better than he’d expected, and that I’d made him very happy—very happy indeed.

FANNY [she leans across, puts her hand on his].  You’re a dear, good fellow, George—always have been.  I wouldn’t plague you only it is absolutely necessary I should know—exactly what you did tell him.

NEWTE [a little sulkily].  I told him that your uncle was a bishop.

FANNY [sits back—staring at him].  A what?

NEWTE.  A bishop.  Bishop of Waiapu, New Zealand.

FANNY.  Why New Zealand?

NEWTE.  Why not?  Had to be somewhere.  Didn’t want him Archbishop of Canterbury, did you?

FANNY.  Did he believe it?

NEWTE.  Shouldn’t have told him had there been any fear that he wouldn’t.

FANNY.  I see.  Any other swell relations of mine knocking about?

NEWTE.  One—a judge of the Supreme Court in Ohio.  Same name, anyhow, O’Gorman.  Thought I’d make him a cousin of yours.  I’ve always remembered him.  Met him when I was over there in ninety-eight—damn him!

A silence.

FANNY [she rises].  Well, nothing else for it!  Got to tell him it was all a pack of lies.  Not blaming you, old boy—my fault.  Didn’t know he was going to ask any questions, or I’d have told him myself.  Bit of bad luck, that’s all.

NEWTE.  Why must you tell him?  Only upset him.

FANNY.  It’s either my telling him or leaving it for them to do.  You know me, George.  How long do you see me being bossed and bullied by my own servants?  Besides, it’s bound to come out in any case.

NEWTE [he risesKindly but firmly he puts her back into her chairThen pacing to and fro with his hands mostly in his trousers pockets, he talks].  Now, you listen to me, old girl.  I’ve been your business manager ever since you started in.  I’ve never made a mistake before—[he turns and faces her]—and I haven’t made one this time.

FANNY.  I don’t really see the smartness, George, stuffing him up with a lot of lies he can find out for himself.

NEWTEIf he wants to.  A couple of telegrams, one to His Grace the Bishop of Waiapu, the other to Judge Denis O’Gorman, Columbus, Ohio, would have brought him back the information that neither gentlemen had ever heard of you.  If he hadn’t been careful not to send them.  He wasn’t marrying you with the idea of strengthening his family connections.  He was marrying you because he was just gone on you.  Couldn’t help himself.

FANNY.  In that case, you might just as well have told him the truth.

NEWTEWhich he would then have had to pass on to everyone entitled to ask questions.  Can’t you understand?  Somebody, in the interest of everybody, had to tell a lie.  Well, what’s a business manager for?

FANNY.  But I can’t do it, George.  You don’t know them.  The longer I give in to them the worse they’ll get.

NEWTE.  Can’t you square them?

FANNY.  No, that’s the trouble.  They are honest.  They’re the “faithful retainers” out of a melodrama.  They are working eighteen hours a day on me not for any advantage to themselves, but because they think it their “duty” to the family.  They don’t seem to have any use for themselves at all.

NEWTE.  Well, what about the boy?  Can’t he talk to them?

FANNY.  Vernon!  They’ve brought him up from a baby—spanked him all round, I expect.  Might as well ask a boy to talk to his old schoolmaster.  Besides, if he did talk, then it would all come out.  As I tell you, it’s bound to come out—and the sooner the better.

NEWTE.  It must not come out!  It’s too late.  If we had told him at the beginning that he was proposing to marry into his own butler’s family—well, it’s an awkward situation—he might have decided to risk it.  Or he might have cried off.

FANNY.  And a good job if he had.

NEWTE.  Now talk sense.  You wanted him—you took a fancy to him from the beginning.  He’s a nice boy, and there’s something owing to him.  [It is his trump card, and he knows it.]  Don’t forget that.  He’s been busy, explaining to all his friends and relations why they should receive you with open arms: really nice girl, born gentlewoman, good old Church of England family—no objection possible.  For you to spring the truth upon him now—well, it doesn’t seem to me quite fair to him.

FANNY.  Then am I to live all my life dressed as a charity girl?

NEWTE.  You keep your head and things will gradually right themselves.  This family of yours—they’ve got some sense, I suppose?

FANNY.  Never noticed any sign of it myself.

NEWTE.  Maybe you’re not a judge.  [Laughs.]  They’ll listen to reason.  You let me have a talk to them, one of these days; see if I can’t show them—first one and then the other—the advantage of leaving to “better” themselves—with the help of a little ready money.  Later on—choosing your proper time—you can break it to him that you have discovered they’re distant connections of yours, a younger branch of the family that you’d forgotten.  Give the show time to settle down into a run.  Then you can begin to make changes.

FANNY.  You’ve a wonderful way with you, George.  It always sounds right as you put it—even when one jolly well knows that it isn’t.

NEWTE.  Well, it’s always been right for you, old girl, ain’t it?

FANNY.  Yes.  You’ve been a rattling good friend.  [She takes his hands.]  Almost wish I’d married you instead.  We’d have been more suited to one another.

NEWTE [shakes his head].  Nothing like having your fancy.  You’d never have been happy without him.  [He releases her.]  ’Twas a good engagement, or I’d never have sanctioned it.

FANNY.  I suppose it will be the last one you will ever get me.  [She has dropped for a moment into a brown study.]

NEWTE [he turns].  I hope so.

FANNY [she throws off her momentary mood with a laugh].  Poor fellow!  You never even got your commission.

NEWTE.  I’ll take ten per cent. of all your happiness, old girl.  So make it as much as you can for my benefit.  Good-bye.  [He holds out hand.]

FANNY.  You’re not going?  You’ll stop to lunch?

NEWTE.  Not to-day.

FANNY.  Do.  If you don’t, they’ll think it’s because I was frightened to ask you.

NEWTE.  All the better.  The more the other party thinks he’s having his way, the easier always to get your own.  Your trouble is, you know, that you never had any tact.

FANNY.  I hate tact.  [Newte laughs.]  We could have had such a jolly little lunch together.  I’m all alone till the evening.  There were ever so many things I wanted to talk to you about.

NEWTE.  What?

FANNY.  Ah, how can one talk to a man with his watch in his hand?  [He puts it away and stands waiting, but she is cross.]  I think you’re very disagreeable.

NEWTE.  I must really get back to town.  I oughtn’t to be away now, only your telegram—

FANNY.  I know.  I’m an ungrateful little beast!  [She crosses and rings bell.]  You’ll have a glass of champagne before you go?

NEWTE.  Well, I won’t say no to that.

FANNY.  How are all the girls?

NEWTE.  Oh, chirpy.  I’m bringing them over to London.  We open at the Palace next week.

FANNY.  What did they think of my marriage?  Gerty was a bit jealous, wasn’t she?

NEWTE.  Well, would have been, if she’d known who he was.  [Laughs.]

FANNY.  Tell her.  Tell her [she draws herself up] I’m Lady Bantock, of Bantock Hall, Rutlandshire.  It will make her so mad.  [Laughs.]

NEWTE [laughs].  I will.

FANNY.  Give them all my love.  [Ernest appears in answer to her bell.]  Oh, Ernest, tell Bennet—[the eyes and mouth of Ernest open]—to see that Mr. Newte has some refreshment before he leaves.  A glass of champagne and—and some caviare.  Don’t forget.  [Ernest goes out.]  Good-bye.  You’ll come again?

NEWTE.  Whenever you want me—and remember—the watchword is “Tact”!

FANNY.  Yes, I’ve got the word all right.  [Laughs.]  Don’t forget to give my love to the girls.

NEWTE.  I won’t.  So long!  [He goes out.]

Fanny closes the doorHonoria has re-entered from the dressing-roomShe looks from the handkerchief still hanging over the keyhole to Fanny.

HONORIA.  Your ladyship’s handkerchief?

FANNY.  Yes.  Such a draught through that keyhole.

HONORIA [takes the handkerchief, hands it to Fanny].  I will tell the housekeeper.

FANNY.  Thanks.  Maybe you will also mention it to the butler.  Possibly also to the—[She suddenly changes.]  Honoria.  Suppose it had been you—you know, you’re awfully pretty—who had married Lord Bantock, and he had brought you back here, among them all—uncle, aunt, all the lot of them—what would you have done?

HONORIA [she draws herself up].  I should have made it quite plain from the first, that I was mistress, and that they were my servants.

FANNY.  You would, you think—

HONORIA [checking her outburst].  But then, dear—you will excuse my speaking plainly—there is a slight difference between the two cases.  [She seats herself on the setteeFanny is standing near the desk.]  You see, what we all feel about you, dear, is—that you are—well, hardly a fit wife for his lordship.  [Fanny’s hands are itching to box the girl’s earsTo save herself, she grinds out through her teeth the wordTack!”]  Of course, dear, it isn’t altogether your fault.

FANNY.  Thanks.

HONORIA.  Your mother’s marriage was most unfortunate.

FANNY [her efforts to suppress her feelings are just—but only just—successful.]  Need we discuss that?

HONORIA.  Well, he was an Irishman, dear, there’s no denying it.  [Fanny takes a cushion from a chair—with her back to Honoria, she strangles itJane has entered and is listening.]  Still, perhaps it is a painful subject.  And we hope—all of us—that, with time and patience, we may succeed in eradicating the natural results of your bringing-up.

JANE.  Some families, finding themselves in our position, would seek to turn it to their own advantage.  We think only of your good.

FANNY.  Yes, that’s what I feel—that you are worrying yourselves too much about me.  You’re too conscientious, all of you.  You, in particular, Jane, because you know you’re not strong.  You’ll end up with a nervous breakdown.  [Mrs. Bennet has enteredHonoria slips outFanny turns to her aunt.]  I was just saying how anxious I’m getting about Jane.  I don’t like the look of her at all.  What she wants is a holiday.  Don’t you agree with me?

MRS. BENNET.  There will be no holiday, I fear, for any of us, for many a long day.

FANNY.  But you must.  You must think more of yourselves, you know.  You’re not looking well, aunt, at all.  What you both want is a month—at the seaside.

MRS. BENNET.  Your object is too painfully apparent for the subject to need discussion.  True solicitude for us would express itself better in greater watchfulness upon your own behaviour.

FANNY.  Why, what have I done?

Bennet enters, followed, unwillingly, by Ernest.

MRS. BENNET.  Your uncle will explain.

BENNET.  Shut that door.  [Ernest does soThey group round Bennet—Ernest a little behindFanny remains near the desk.]  Sit down.  [Fanny, bewildered, speechless, sits.]  Carry your mind back, please, to the moment when, with the Bradshaw in front of you, you were considering, with the help of your cousin Ernest, the possibility of your slipping out unobserved, to meet and commune with a person you had surreptitiously summoned to visit you during your husband’s absence.

FANNY.  While I think of it, did he have anything to eat before he went?  I told Ernest to—ask you to see that he had a glass of champagne and a—

BENNET [waves her back into silence].  Mr. Newte was given refreshment suitable to his station.  [She goes to interruptAgain he waves her back.]  We are speaking of more important matters.  Your cousin reminded you that you would have to pass the lodge, occupied by your Aunt Amelia.  I state the case correctly?

FANNY.  Beautifully!

BENNET.  I said nothing at the time, doubting the evidence of my own ears.  The boy, however—where is the boy?—[Ernest is pushed forward]—has admitted—reluctantly—that he also heard it.  [A pauseThe solemnity deepens.]  You made use of an expression—

FANNY.  Oh, cut it short.  I said “damn.”  [A shudder passes.]  I’m sorry to have frightened you, but if you knew a little more of really good society, you would know that ladies—quite slap-up ladies—when they’re excited, do—.

MRS. BENNET [interrupting with almost a scream].  She defends it!

BENNET.  You will allow me to be the judge of what a lady says, even when she is excited.  As for this man, Newte—

FANNY.  The best friend you ever had.  [She isupagain.]  You thank your stars, all of you, and tell the others, too, the whole blessed twenty-three of you—you thank your stars that I did “surreptitiously” beg and pray him to run down by the first train and have a talk with me; and that Providence was kind enough to you to enable him to come.  It’s a very different tune you’d have been singing at this moment—all of you—if he hadn’t.  I can tell you that.

MRS. BENNET.  And pray, what tune should we have been singing if Providence hadn’t been so thoughtful of us?

FANNY [she is about to answer, then checks herself, and sits again].  You take care you don’t find out.  There’s time yet.

MRS. BENNET.  We had better leave her.

BENNET.  Threats, my good girl, will not help you.

MRS. BENNET [with a laugh].  She’s in too tight a corner for that.

BENNET.  A contrite heart is what your aunt and I desire to see.  [He takes from his pocket a small book, places it open on the desk.]  I have marked one or two passages, on pages 93–7.  We will discuss them together—later in the day.

They troop out in silence, the key turns in the lock.

FANNY [takes up the book—turns to the cover, reads].  “The Sinner’s Manual.”  [She turns to page 93.]




The same.

Time.—A few days later.

A table is laid for teaErnest enters with the tea-urnHe leaves the door open; through it comes the sound of an harmonium, accompanying the singing of a hymnFanny comes from her dressing-roomShe is dressed more cheerfully than when we last saw her, but stillseemly.”  She has a book in her handShe pauses, hearing the music, goes nearer to the open door, and listens; then crosses and takes her place at the tableThe music ceases.

FANNY.  Another prayer meeting?  [Ernest nods.]  I do keep ’em busy.

ERNEST.  D’ye know what they call you downstairs?

FANNY.  What?

ERNEST.  The family cross.

FANNY.  I’m afraid it’s about right.

ERNEST.  What have you been doing this time?  Swearing again?

FANNY.  Worse.  I’ve been lying.  [Ernest gives vent to a low whistle.]  Said I didn’t know what had become of that yellow poplin with the black lace flounces, that they’ve had altered for me.  Found out that I’d given it to old Mother Potts for the rummage sale at the Vicarage.  Jane was down there.  Bought it in for half a crown.

ERNEST.  You are risky.  Why, you might have known—

Vernon comes inHe is in golfing get-upHe throws his cap on to the settee.

VERNON.  Hello, got a cup of tea there?

Ernest goes out.

FANNY.  Yes.  Thought you were playing golf?

VERNON.  Just had a telegram handed to me in the village—from your friend Newte.  Wants me to meet him at Melton Station at five o’clock.  [Looks at his watch.]  Know what he wants?

FANNY.  Haven’t the faintest idea.  [She hands him his cup.]  Is he coming here?  Or merely on his way somewhere?

VERNON.  I don’t know; he doesn’t say.

FANNY.  Don’t let him mix you up in any of his “ventures.”  Dear old George, he’s as honest as the day, but if he gets hold of an “idea” there’s always thousands in it for everybody.

VERNON.  I’ll be careful.  [Ernest has left the door openThe harmonium breaks forth again, together with vocal accompaniment as before.]  What’s on downstairs, then—a party?

FANNY.  Bennet is holding a prayer meeting.

VERNON.  A prayer meeting?

FANNY.  One of the younger members of the family has been detected “telling a deliberate lie.”  [Vernon is near the door listening, with his back towards her, or he would see that she is smiling.]  Black sheep, I suppose, to be found in every flock.  [Music ceases, Ernest having arrived with the news of his lordship’s return.]

VERNON [returning to the table, having closed the door].  Good old man, you know, Bennet.  All of them!  So high-principled!  Don’t often get servants like that, nowadays.

FANNY.  Seems almost selfish, keeping the whole collection to ourselves.

VERNON [laughs].  ’Pon my word it does.  But what can we do?  They’ll never leave us—not one of them.

FANNY.  No, I don’t believe they ever will.

VERNON.  Do you know, I sometimes think that you don’t like them.  [Fanny makes a movement.]  Of course, they are a bit bossy, I admit.  But all that comes from their devotion, their—

FANNY.  The wonder to me is that, brought up among them, admiring them as you do, you never thought of marrying one of them.

VERNON [staggered.]  Marrying them?

FANNY.  I didn’t say “them.”  I said “one of them.”  There’s Honoria.  She’s pretty enough, anyhow.  So’s Alice, Charles Bennet’s daughter, and Bertha and Grace—all of them beautiful.  And what’s even better still—good.  [She says it viciously.]  Didn’t you ever think of them?

VERNON.  Well [laughs]—well, one hardly marries into one’s own kitchen.

FANNY.  Isn’t that rather snobbish?  You say they’re more like friends than servants.  They’ve lived with your people, side by side, for three generations, doing their duty, honourably.  There’s never been a slur upon their name.  They’re “high-principled.”  You know it.  They’ve better manners than nine-tenths of your smart society, and they’re healthy.  What’s wrong with them—even from a lord’s point of view?

VERNON [recovering himself].  Well, don’t pitch into me about it.  It’s your fault if I didn’t marry them—I mean one of them.  [He laughs, puts his empty cup back on the table.]  Maybe I’d have thought about it—if I hadn’t met you.

FANNY [takes his hand in hers].  I wish you hadn’t asked Newte any questions about me.  It would have been so nice to feel that you had married me—just because you couldn’t help it—just because I was I and nothing else mattered.

VERNON.  Let’s forget I ever did.  [He kneels beside her.]  I didn’t do it for my own sake, as you know.  A man in my position has to think of other people.  His wife has to take her place in society.  People insist upon knowing something about her.  It’s not enough for the stupid “County” that she’s the cleverest, most bewilderingly beautiful, bewitching lady in the land.

FANNY.  And how long will you think all that?

VERNON.  For ever, and ever, and ever.

FANNY.  Oh, you dear boy.  [She kisses him.]  You don’t know how a woman loves the man she loves to love her.  [Laughs.]  Isn’t that complicated?

VERNON.  Not at all.  We’re just the same.  We love to love the woman we love.

FANNY.  Provided the “County” will let us.  And the County has said: A man may not marry his butler’s niece.

VERNON [laughing].  You’ve got butlers on the brain.  If ever I do run away with my own cook or under-housemaid, it will be your doing.

FANNY.  You haven’t the pluck!  The “County” would laugh at you.  You men are so frightened of being laughed at.

VERNON [he rises].  Well, if it saves us from making asses of ourselves—

FANNY.  Wasn’t there a niece of old Bennet’s, a girl who had been brought up abroad, and who wasn’t a domestic servant—never had been—who stayed with them here, at the gardener’s cottage, for a short time, some few years ago?

VERNON.  You mean poor Rose Bennet’s daughter—the one who ran away and married an organ-grinder.

FANNY.  An organ-grinder?

VERNON.  Something of that sort—yes.  They had her over; did all they could.  A crazy sort of girl; used to sing French ballads on the village green to all the farm labourers she could collect.  Shortened poor Bennet’s life by about ten years.  [Laughs.]  But why?  Not going to bully me for not having fallen in love with her, are you?  Because that really wasn’t my fault.  I never even saw her.  ’Twas the winter we spent in Rome.  She bolted before we got back.  Never gave me a chance.

FANNY.  I accept the excuse.  [Laughs.]  No, I was merely wondering what the “County” would have done if by any chance you had married her.  Couldn’t have said you were marrying into your own kitchen in her case, because she was never in your kitchen—absolutely refused to enter it, I’m told.

VERNON [laughs].  It would have been a “nice point,” as they say in legal circles.  If people had liked her, they’d have tried to forget that her cousins had ever been scullery-maids.  If not, they’d have taken good care that nobody did.

Bennet entersHe brings some cut flowers, with theplacingof which he occupies himself.

BENNET.  I did not know your lordship had returned.

VERNON.  Found a telegram waiting for me in the village.  What’s become of that niece of yours, Bennet—your sister Rose’s daughter, who was here for a short time and ran away again?  Ever hear anything about her?

BENNET [very quietly he turns, lets his eyes for a moment meet Fanny’sThen answers as he crosses to the windows].  The last I heard about her was that she was married.

VERNON.  Satisfactorily?

BENNET.  Looking at it from her point of view—most satisfactorily.

VERNON [laughs].  But looking at it from his—more doubtful?

BENNET.  She was not without her attractions.  Her chief faults, I am inclined to think, were those arising from want of discipline in youth.  I have hopes that it is not even yet too late to root out from her nature the weeds of indiscretion.

VERNON.  And you think he is the man to do it?

BENNET.  Perhaps not.  But fortunately there are those about her fully alive to the duty devolving upon them.

VERNON.  Um.  Sounds a little bit like penal servitude for the poor girl, the way you put it, Bennet.

BENNET.  Even penal servitude may be a blessing, if it serves to correct a stubborn spirit.

VERNON.  We’ll have to make you a J.P., Bennet.  Must be jolly careful I don’t ever get tried before you.  [Laughs.]  Is that the cart?

BENNET [he looks out through the window].  Yes, your lordship.

VERNON [he takes up his cap].  I may be bringing someone back with me.  [To Fanny, who throughout has remained seated.]  Why not put on your hat—come with me?

FANNY [she jumps up, delighted].  Shall I?

BENNET.  Your ladyship is not forgetting that to-day is Wednesday?

FANNY.  What’s the odds.  There’s nobody to call.  Everybody is still in town.

BENNET.  It has always been the custom of the Lady Bantocks, when in residence, to be at home on Wednesdays.

VERNON.  Perhaps better not.  It may cause talk; if, by chance, anybody does come.  I was forgetting it was Wednesday.  [Fanny sits again.]  I shan’t do anything without consulting you.  Good-bye.

FANNY.  Good-bye.

Vernon goes out.

BENNET.  You think it wise, discussing with his lordship the secret history of the Bennet family?

FANNY.  What do you mean by telling him my father was an organ-grinder?  If the British public knew the difference between music and a hurdy-gurdy, he would have kept a butler of his own.

BENNET.  I am not aware of having mentioned to his lordship that you ever to my knowledge even had a father.  It is not my plan—for the present at all events—to inform his lordship anything about your family.  Take care I am not forced to.

FANNY.  Because my father, a composer who had his work performed at the Lamoureux Concerts—as I can prove, because I’ve got the programme—had the misfortune to marry into a family of lackeys—I’m not talking about my mother: she was never really one of you.  She had the soul of an artist.

BENNET [white with suppressed fury; he is in front of her; his very look is enough to silence her].  Now you listen to me, my girl, once and for all.  I told you the night of your arrival that whether this business was going to prove a pleasant or an unpleasant one depended upon you.  You make it an easy one—for your own sake.  With one word I can bring your house of cards about your ears.  I’ve only to tell him the truth for him to know you as a cheat and liar.  [She goes to speak; again he silences her.]  You listen to me.  You’ve seen fit to use strong language; now I’m using strong language.  This boy, who has married you in a moment of impulse, what does he know about the sort of wife a man in his position needs?  What do you? made to sing for your living on the Paris boulevards—whose only acquaintance with the upper classes has been at shady restaurants.

FANNY.  He didn’t want a woman of his own class.  He told me so.  It was because I wasn’t a colourless, conventional puppet with a book of etiquette in place of a soul that he was first drawn towards me.

BENNET.  Yes.  At twenty-two, boys like unconventionality.  Men don’t: they’ve learnt its true name, vulgarity.  Do you think I’ve stood behind English society for forty years without learning anything about it!  What you call a colourless puppet is what we call an English lady.  And that you’ve got to learn to be.  You talk of “lackeys.”  If your mother, my poor sister Rose, came from a family of “lackeys” there would be no hope for you.  With her blood in your veins the thing can be done.  We Bennets—[he draws himself up]—we serve.  We are not lackeys.

FANNY.  All right.  Don’t you call my father an organ-grinder, and I won’t call you lackeys.  Unfortunately that doesn’t end the trouble.

BENNET.  The trouble can easily be ended.

FANNY.  Yes.  By my submitting to be ruled in all things for the remainder of my life by my own servants.

BENNET.  Say “relations,” and it need not sound so unpleasant.

FANNY.  Yes, it would.  It would sound worse.  One can get rid of one’s servants.  [She has crossed towards the deskHer cheque-book lies there half hidden under other papersIt catches her eyeHer hand steals unconsciously towards itShe taps it idly with her fingersIt is all the work of a momentNothing comes of itJust the idea passes through her brain—not for the first timeShe does nothing noticeable—merely stands listless while one might count half a dozen—then turns to him again.]  Don’t you think you’re going it a bit too strong, all of you?  I’m not a fool.  I’ve got a lot to learn, I know.  I’d be grateful for help.  What you’re trying to do is to turn me into a new woman entirely.

BENNET.  Because that is the only way to help you.  Men do not put new wine into old bottles.

FANNY.  Oh, don’t begin quoting Scripture.  I want to discuss the thing sensibly.  Don’t you see it can’t be done?  I can’t be anybody else than myself.  I don’t want to.

BENNET.  My girl, you’ve got to be.  Root and branch, inside and outside, before you’re fit to be Lady Bantock, mother of the Lord Bantocks that are to be, you’ve got to be a changed woman.

A pause.

FANNY.  And it’s going to be your job, from beginning to end—yours and the rest of you.  What I wear and how I look is Jane’s affair.  My prayers will be for what Aunt Susannah thinks I stand in need of.  What I eat and drink and say and do you will arrange for me.  And when you die, Cousin Simeon, I suppose, will take your place.  And when Aunt Susannah dies, it will merely be a change to Aunt Amelia.  And if Jane ever dies, Honoria will have the dressing and the lecturing of me.  And so on and so on, world without end, for ever and ever, Amen.

BENNET.  Before that time, you will, I shall hope, have learnt sufficient sense to be grateful to us.  [He goes out.]

FANNY [she turns—walks slowly back towards the tea-tableHalfway she pauses, and leaning over the back of a chair regards in silence for a while the portrait of the first Lady Bantock].  I do wish I could tell what you were saying.

The door opensThe Misses Wetherell come inThey wear the same frocks that they wore in the first actThey pauseFanny is still gazing at the portrait.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Don’t you notice it, dear?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Yes.  There really is.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It struck me the first day.  [To Fanny, who has turned]  Your likeness, dear, to Lady Constance.  It’s really quite remarkable.

FANNY.  You think so?

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  It’s your expression—when you are serious.

FANNY [laughs].  I must try to be more serious.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It will come, dear.

They take their places side by side on the settee.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [to her sister, with a pat of the hand].  In good time.  It’s so nice to have her young.  I wonder if anybody’ll come this afternoon.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [to Fanny].  You see, dear, most of the county people are still in town.

FANNY [who is pouring out tea].  I’m not grumbling.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Oh, you’ll like them, dear.  The Cracklethorpes especially.  [To her sister for confirmation]  Bella Cracklethorpe is so clever.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  And the Engells.  She’ll like the Engells.  All the Engell girls are so pretty.  [Fanny brings over two cups of tea.]  Thank you, dear.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [as she takes her cup—patting Fanny’s hand].  And they’ll like you, dear, all of them.

FANNY [returning to table].  I hope so.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It’s wonderful, dear—you won’t mind my saying it?—how you’ve improved.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Of course it was such a change for you.  And at first [turns to her sister] we were a little anxious about her, weren’t we?

Fanny has returned to them with the cake-basket.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [as she takes a piece].  Bennet [she lingers on the name as that of an authority] was saying only yesterday that he had great hopes of you.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [Fanny is handing the basket to her].  Thank you, dear.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  I told Vernon.  He was so pleased.

FANNYVernon was?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  He attaches so much importance to Bennet’s opinion.

FANNY.  Um.  I’m glad I appear to be giving satisfaction.  [She has returned to her seat at the table.]  I suppose when you go to town, you take the Bennets with you?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [surprised at the question].  Of course, dear.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Vernon didn’t wish to go this year.  He thought you would prefer—

FANNY.  I was merely thinking of when he did.  Do you ever go abroad for the winter?  So many people do, nowadays.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We tried it once.  But there was nothing for dear Vernon to do.  You see, he’s so fond of hunting.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [to her sister].  And then there will be his Parliamentary duties that he will have to take up now.

Fanny rises, abruptly.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You’re not ill, dear?

FANNY.  No.  Merely felt I wanted some air.  You don’t mind, do you?  [She flings a casement open.]

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Not at all, dear.  [To her sister]  It is a bit close.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  One could really do without fires.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  If it wasn’t for the evenings.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  And then, of course, the cold weather might come again.  One can never feel safe until—

The door opensDr. Freemantle enters, announced by BennetThe old ladies go to riseHe stops them.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Don’t get up.  [He shakes hands with them.]  How are we this afternoon?  [He shakes his head and clicks his tongue.]  Really, I think I shall have to bring an action for damages against Lady Bantock.  Ever since she—

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Hush!  [She points to the window.]  Fanny.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Here’s Doctor Freemantle.

Fanny comes from the window.

DR. FREEMANTLE [he meets her and takes her hand].  Was just saying, I really think I shall have to claim damages against you, Lady Bantock.  You’ve practically deprived me of two of my best paying patients.  Used to be sending for me every other day before you came.  Now look at them!  [The two ladies laugh.]  She’s not as bad as we expected.  [He pats her hand.]  Do you remember my description of what I thought she was going to be like?



FANNY [she has crossed to table—is pouring out the Doctor’s tea].  Oh, mightn’t we have a holiday from Bennet?

DR. FREEMANTLE [laughs].  Seems to be having a holiday himself to-day.


DR. FREEMANTLE.  Didn’t you know?  Oh, there’s an awfully swagger party on downstairs.  They were all trooping in as I came.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  I’d no idea he was giving a party.  [To Fanny]  Did you, dear?

FANNY [she hands the Doctor his tea].  Yes.  It’s a prayer meeting.  The whole family, I expect, has been summoned.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  A prayer meeting!  Didn’t look like it.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  But why should he be holding a prayer meeting?

FANNY.  Oh, one of the family—

DR. FREEMANTLE.  And why twelve girls in a van?


DR. FREEMANTLE.  One of Hutton’s from the Station Hotel—with a big poster pinned on the door: “Our Empire.”

Fanny has risenShe crosses and rings the bell.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  What’s the matter, dear?

FANNY.  I’m not quite sure yet.  [Her whole manner is changedA look has come into her eyes that has not been there beforeShe speaks in quiet, determined tonesShe rings againThen returning to table, hands the cake-basket to the Doctor.]  Won’t you take one, Doctor?  They’re not as indigestible as they look.  [Laughs.]

DR. FREEMANTLE [he also is bewildered at the changed atmosphere].  Thank you.  I hope I—

FANNY [she turns to Ernest, who has enteredHer tone, for the first time, is that of a mistress speaking to her servants].  Have any visitors called for me this afternoon?

ERNEST.  Vi-visitors—?

FANNY.  Some ladies.

ERNEST [he is in a slough of doubt and terror].  L—ladies?

FANNY.  Yes.  Please try to understand the English language.  Has a party of ladies called here this afternoon?

ERNEST.  There have been some ladies.  They—we—

FANNY.  Where are they?

ERNEST.  They—I—

FANNY.  Send Bennet up to me.  Instantly, please.

Ernest, only too glad to be off, stumbles out.


FANNY.  You’ll take some more tea, won’t you?  Do you mind, Doctor, passing Miss Wetherell’s cup?  And the other one.  Thank you.  And will you pass them the biscuits?  You see, I am doing all I can on your behalf.  [She is talking and laughing—a little hysterically—for the purpose of filling time.]  Tea and hot cake—could anything be worse for them?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Well, tea, you know—

FANNY.  I know.  [Laughs.]  You doctors are all alike.  You all denounce it, but you all drink it.  [She hands him the two cups.]  That one is for Aunt Wetherell of the beautiful hair; and the other is for Aunt Wetherell of the beautiful eyes.  [Laughs.]  It’s the only way I can distinguish them.

Bennet enters.

Oh, Bennet!

BENNET.  You sent for me?

FANNY.  Yes.  I understand some ladies have called.

BENNET.  I think your ladyship must have been misinformed.  I most certainly have seen none.

FANNY.  I have to assume, Bennet, that either Dr. Freemantle or you are telling lies.

A silence.

BENNET.  A party of over-dressed young women, claiming to be acquainted with your ladyship, have arrived in a van.  I am giving them tea in the servants’ hall, and will see to it that they are sent back to the station in ample time to catch their train back to town.

FANNY.  Please show them up.  They will have their tea here.

BENNET [her very quietness is beginning to alarm himIt shakes him from his customary perfection of manners].  The Lady Bantocks do not as a rule receive circus girls in their boudoir.

FANNY [still with her alarming quietness].  Neither do they argue with their servants.  Please show these ladies in.

BENNET.  I warn you—

FANNY.  You heard my orders.  [Her tone has the right ringThe force of habit is too strong upon himHe yields—savagely—and goes outShe turns to the Doctor.]  So sorry I had to drag you into it.  I didn’t see how else I was going to floor him.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Splendid!  [He grips her hand.]

FANNY [she goes to the old ladies who sit bewildered terrified.]  They won’t be here for more than a few minutes—they can’t be.  I want you to be nice to them—both of you.  They are friends of mine.  [She turns to the Doctor.]  They’re the girls I used to act with.  We went all over Europe—twelve of us—representing the British Empire.  They are playing in London now.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  To-night?  [He looks at his watch.]

FANNY [she is busy at the tea-table].  Yes.  They are on the stage at half past nine.  You might look out their train for them.  [She points to the Bradshaw on the desk.]  I don’t suppose they’ve ever thought about how they’re going to get back.  It’s Judy’s inspiration, this, the whole thing; I’d bet upon it.  [With a laugh.]  She always was as mad as a March hare.

DR. FREEMANTLE [busy with the Bradshaw].  They were nice-looking girls.

FANNY.  Yes.  I think we did the old man credit.  [With a laugh.]  John Bull’s daughters, they called us in Paris.

Bennet appears in doorway.

BENNET [announces].  “Our Empire.”

Headed byEngland,” the twelve girls, laughing, crowding, jostling one another, talking all together, swoop in.

ENGLAND [a lady with a decided Cockney accent].  Oh, my dear, talk about an afternoon!  We ’ave ’ad a treat getting ’ere.

Fanny kisses her.

SCOTLAND [they also kiss].  Your boss told us you’d gone out.

FANNY.  It was a slight—misunderstanding.  Bennet, take away these things, please.  And let me have half a dozen bottles of champagne.

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS [a small girl at the back of the crowd—with a shrill voice].  Hooray!

BENNET [he is controlling himself with the supremest difficultyWithin he is a furnace].  I’m afraid I have mislaid the key of the cellar.

FANNY [she looks at him].  You will please find it—quickly.  [Bennet, again from habit, yieldsBut his control almost fails himHe takes up the tray of unneeded tea-things from the table.]  I shall want some more of all these [cakes, fruit, sandwiches, etc.].  And some people to wait.  Tell Jane she must come and help.

Bennet goes outDuring this passage of arms between mistress and man a momentary lull has taken place in the hubbubAs he goes out, it begins to grow again.

ENGLAND.  ’E does tease yer, don’t ’e?  Wanted us to ’ave tea in the kitchen.

FANNY.  Yes.  These old family servants—

AFRICA [she prides herself on beingquite the lady”].  Don’t talk about ’em, dear.  We had just such another.  [She turns to a girl near her.]  Oh, they’ll run the whole show for you if you let ’em.

ENGLAND.  It was Judy’s idea, our giving you this little treat.  Don’t you blime me for it.

WALES [a small, sprightly girl with a childish, laughing voice].  Well, we were all together with nothing better to do.  They’d called a rehearsal and then found they didn’t want us—silly fools.  I told ’em you’d just be tickled to death.

FANNY [laughing—kisses her].  So I am.  It was a brilliant idea.  [By this time she has kissed or shaken hands with the whole dozen.]  I can’t introduce you all singly; it would take too long.  [She makes a wholesale affair of it.]  My aunts, the Misses Wetherell—Dr. Freemantle.

The Misses Wetherell, suggesting two mice being introduced to a party of friendly kittens, standing, clinging to one another, murmur something inaudible.

DR. FREEMANTLE [who is with them to comfort them—he has got rid of the time-table, discreetly—smiles].  Delighted.

ENGLAND.  Charmed.  [The others join in, turning it into a chorusTo Fanny]  Glad we didn’t strike one of your busy days.  I say, you’re not as dressy as you used to be.  ’Ow are they doing you?—all right?

FANNY.  Yes.  Oh, yes.

CANADA [“Gerty,” a big, handsome girl, with a loud, commanding voice].  George gave me your message.

FANNY [puzzled at first].  My message?  [Remembering—laughs.]  Oh.  That I was Lady Bantock of Bantock Hall.  Yes.  I thought you’d be pleased.

CANADA.  Was delighted, dear.

FANNY.  So glad.

CANADA.  I’d always had the idea that you were going to make a mess of your marriage.

FANNY.  What a funny idea!  [But the laugh that accompanies it is not a merry one.]

CANADA.  Wasn’t it?  So glad I was wrong.

WALES.  We’re all of us looking out for lords in disguise, now.  Can’t you give us a tip, dear, how to tell ’em?

SCOTLAND.  Sukey has broken it off with her boy.  Found he was mixed up in trade.

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS [as before, unseen at back of crowd].  No.  I didn’t.  ’Twas his moral character.

Then enter Honoria with glasses on a tray; Ernest with champagne; Jane with eatables; Bennet with a napkinIt is a grim processionThe girls are scattered, laughing, talking: Africa to the Misses Wetherell; a couple to Dr. FreemantleEngland, Scotland, Wales, and Canada are with FannyThe hubbub, with the advent of the refreshments, increasesThere is a general movement towards the refreshments.

FANNY.  Thanks, Bennet.  You can clear away a corner of the desk.

ENGLAND [aside to her].  Go easy with it, dear.  [Fanny, smiling, nodsShe directs operations in a low tone to the Bennets, who take her orders in grim silence and with lips tight shut.]  Don’t forget, girls, that we’ve got to get back to-night.  [Aside to the Doctor, who has come forward to help.]  Some of ’em, you know, ain’t used to it.

DR. FREEMANTLE [nods].  Glasses not too full.  [He whispers to Fanny.]

IRELAND [a decided young woman].  How much time have we got?

ENGLAND.  Don’t ask me.  It’s Judy’s show.

WALES [mimicking Newte].  The return train, ladies, leaves Oakham station.  [Stops—she is facing the clockShe begins to laugh.]

ENGLAND.  What’s the matter?

WALES [still laughing].  We’ve got just quarter of an hour to catch it.

There is a wild rush for the refreshmentsJane is swept off her feetBennet’s tray is upset.

ENGLAND.  Quarter—!  Oh, my Gawd!  Here, tuck up your skirts, girls.  We’ll have to—

DR. FREEMANTLE.  It’s all right.  You’ve got plenty of time, ladies.  There’s a train from Norton on the branch line at 5.33.  Gets you into London at a quarter to nine.

ENGLAND.  You’re sure?

DR. FREEMANTLE [he has his watch in his hand].  Quite sure.  The station is only half a mile away.

ENGLAND.  Don’t let’s miss it.  Keep your watch in your ’and, there’s a dear.

FANNY [her business is—and has been—to move quietly through the throng, making the girls welcome, talking, laughing with them, directing the servants—all in a lady’s wayOn the whole she does it remarkably wellShe is offering a plate of fruit to Judy].  You’re a nice acting manager, you are.  [Judy laughsFanny finds herself in front of IrelandShe turns to England.]  Won’t you introduce us?

ENGLAND.  I beg your pardon, dear.  Of course, you don’t know each other.  Miss Tetsworth, our new Ireland, Lady Bantock.  It is “Bantock,” isn’t it, dear?

FANNY.  Quite right.  It’s a good little part, isn’t it?

IRELAND.  Well, depends upon what you’ve been used to.

ENGLAND.  She’s got talent, as I tell ’er.  But she ain’t you, dear.  It’s no good saying she is.

FANNY [hastening to smooth it over].  People always speak so well of us after we’re gone.  [Laughs.]  You’ll take another glass of champagne.

IRELAND.  Thank you—you made a great success, they tell me, in the part.

FANNY.  Oh, there’s a deal of fluke about these things.  You see, I had the advantage—

DR. FREEMANTLE [with watch still in his hand].  I think, ladies—

ENGLAND.  Come on, girls.

A general movement.

FANNY.  You must all come again—spend a whole day—some Sunday.

CANADA.  Remember me to Vernon.

FANNY.  He’ll be so sorry to have—

ENGLAND [cutting in].  ’Ope we ’aven’t upset you, dear.  [She is bustling them all up.]

FANNY.  Not at all.  [She is kissing the girls.]  It’s been so good to see you all again.

ENGLAND.  ’Urry up, girls, there’s dears.  [To Fanny]  Good-bye, dear.  [Kissing her.]  We do miss yer.

FANNY.  I’m glad you do.

ENGLAND.  Oh, it ain’t the same show.  [The others are crowding out of the doorShe and Fanny are quite apart.]  No chance of your coming back to it, I suppose?  [A moment.]  Well, there, you never know, do yer?  Good-bye, dear.  [Kisses her again.]

FANNY.  Good-bye!  [She stands watching them outBennet goes down with themErnest is busy collecting debrisJane and Honoria stand one each side of the table, rigid, with set facesAfter a moment Fanny goes to the open windowThe voices of the girls below, crowding into the van, come up into the roomShe calls down to them.]  Good-bye.  You’ve plenty of time.  What?  Yes, of course.  [Laughs.]  All right.  Good-bye.  [She turns, comes slowly backShe looks at Jane and Honoria, where they stand rigidHonoria makes a movement with her shoulders—takes a step towards the door.]  Honoria!  [Honoria stops—slowly turns.]  You can take away these glasses.  Jane will help you.

Bennet has reappeared.

HONORIA.  It’s not my place—

FANNY.  Your place is to obey my orders.

BENNET [his coolness seems to have deserted himHis voice is trembling].  Obey her ladyship’s orders, both of you.  Leave the rest to me.  [Honoria and Jane busy themselves, with Ernest setting the room to rights.]  May I speak with your ladyship?

FANNY.  Certainly.

BENNET.  Alone, I mean.

FANNY.  I see no need.

BENNET [her firmness takes him abackHe expected to find her defiance disappear with the cause of itBut pig-headed, as all Bennets, her opposition only drives him on].  Your ladyship is not forgetting the alternative?

The Misses Wetherell have been watching the argument much as the babes in the wood might have watched the discussion between the two robbers.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [in terror].  Bennet! you’re not going to give notice!

BENNET.  What my duty may be, I shall be able to decide after I have spoken with her ladyship—alone.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Dear!  You will see him?

FANNY.  I am sorry.  I have not the time.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  No.  Of course.  [Appealing to Bennet for mercy]  Her ladyship is tired.  To-morrow—

FANNY [interrupting].  Neither to-morrow—nor any other day.  [Vernon enters, followed by NewteShe advances to meet them.]  You’ve just missed some old friends of yours.  [She shakes hands with Newte.]

VERNON.  So it seems.  We were hoping to have been in time.  [To Newte]  The mare came along pretty slick, didn’t she?

BENNET [he has remained with his look fixed all the time on Fanny].  May I speak with your lordship a moment—in private?


BENNET.  It is a matter that needs to be settled now.  [It is the tone of respectful authority he has always used towards the lad.]

VERNON.  Well, if it’s as pressing as all that I suppose you must.  [He makes a movement towards the doorTo Newte]  Shan’t be long.

FANNY.  One moment.  [Vernon stops.]  I may be able to render the interview needless.  Who is mistress of this house?

VERNON.  Who is mistress?

FANNY.  Who is mistress of your house?

VERNON.  Why, you are, of course.

FANNY.  Thank you.  [She turns to Bennet]  Please tell Mrs. Bennet I want her.

BENNET.  I think if your lordship—

FANNY.  At once.  [She is looking at himHe struggles—looks at VernonBut Vernon is evidently inclined to support FannyBennet goes outShe crosses and seats herself at the deskShe takes from a drawer some neatly folded papersShe busies herself with figures.]

VERNON [he crosses to his Aunts].  Whatever’s the matter?

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  She is excited.  She has had a very trying time.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Bennet didn’t like the idea of her receiving them.

NEWTE.  It was that minx Judy’s doing.  They’ll have the rough side of my tongue when I get back—all of them.

VERNON.  What does she want with Mrs. Bennet?


The atmosphere is somewhat that of a sheepfold before a thunderstormThe Misses Wetherell are still clinging to one anotherVernon and Dr. Freemantle are both watching FannyJane, Honoria, and Ernest are still busy about the room.

Suddenly, to Newte—who is standing apart—the whole thing comes with a rushBut it is too late for him to interfere.

Mrs. Bennet, followed by Bennet, are entering the roomHe shrugs his shoulders and turns away.

MRS. BENNET.  Your ladyship sent for me?

FANNY.  Yes.  [She half turns—holds out a paper.]  This wages sheet is quite correct, I take it?  It is your own.

MRS. BENNET [she takes it].  Quite correct.

FANNY [she tears out a cheque she has written—hands it to Mrs. Bennet].  You will find there two months’ wages for the entire family.  I have made it out in a lump sum payable to your husband.  The other month is in lieu of notice.  [A silenceThe thing strikes them all dumbShe puts the cheque-book back and closes the drawerShe rises.]  I’m sorry.  There’s been a misunderstanding.  It’s time that it ended.  It has been my own fault.  [To Vernon]  I deceived you about my family—

NEWTE.  If there’s been any deceit—

FANNY.  My scene, please, George.  [Newte, knowing her, returns to silence.]  I have no relations outside this country that I know of.  My uncle is Martin Bennet, your butler.  Mrs. Bennet is my aunt.  I’m not ashamed of them.  If they’d had as much respect for me as I have for them, this trouble would not have arisen.  We don’t get on together, that’s all.  And this seems to me the only way out.  As I said before, I’m sorry.

VERNON [recovering speech].  But why did you—?

FANNY [her control gives wayShe breaks out].  Oh, because I’ve been a fool.  It’s the explanation of most people’s muddles, I expect, if they only knew it.  Don’t talk to me, anybody.  I’ve got nothing more to say.  [To Bennet]  I’m sorry.  You wouldn’t give me a chance.  I’d have met you half way.  [To Mrs. Bennet]  I’m sorry.  Don’t be too hard on me.  It won’t mean much trouble to you.  Good servants don’t go begging.  You can depend upon me for a character.  [To Jane]  You’ll do much better for yourselves elsewhere.  [To Honoria]  Don’t let that pretty face of yours ever get you into trouble.  [To Ernest]  Good-bye, Ernest.  We were always pals, weren’t we?  Good-bye.  [She kisses himIt has all been the work of a momentShe comes down again.]  Don’t think me rude, but I’d like to be alone.  We can talk calmly about it all to-morrow morning.  [To the Misses Wetherell]  I’m so awfully sorry.  I wish I could have seen any other way out.  [The tears are streaming from her eyesTo Vernon]  Take them all away, won’t you, dear?  We’ll talk about it all to-morrow.  I’ll feel gooder.  [She kisses himTo Dr. Freemantle]  Take them all away.  Tell him it wasn’t all my fault.  [To Newte]  You’ll have to stop the night.  There are no more trains.  I’ll see you in the morning.  Good night.

Bennet has collected his troopLeads them awayDr. Freemantle, kindly and helpful, takes off Vernon and the two ladies.

NEWTE [he grips her hand, and speaks in his short, growling way].  Good night, old girl.  [He follows the others out.]

FANNY [crosses towards the windowsHer chief business is dabbing her eyesThe door closes with a clickShe turnsShe puts her handkerchief awayShe looks at the portrait of Constance, first Lady Bantock].  I believe it’s what you’ve been telling me to do, all the time.




The sameThe blinds are downAshes fill the grate.

Time.—Early the next morning.

The door opens softlyNewte steals inHe fumbles his way across to the windows, draws the blindsThe morning sun streams inHe listens—no one seems to be stirringHe goes out, returns immediately with a butler’s tray, containing all things necessary for a breakfast and the lighting of a fireHe places the tray on table, throws his coat over a chair, and is on his knees busy lighting the fire, when enter the Misses Wetherell, clad in dressing-gowns and caps: yet still they continue to look sweetThey also creep in, hand in handThe crouching Newte is hidden by a hanging fire-screenThey creep forward till the coat hanging over the chair catches their eyeThey are staring at it as Robinson Crusoe might at the footprint, when Newte rises suddenly and turnsThe Misses Wetherell give a suppressed scream, and are preparing for flight.

NEWTE [he stays them].  No call to run away, ladies.  When a man’s travelled—as I have—across America, in a sleeping-car, with a comic-opera troop, there’s not much left for him to know.  You want your breakfast!  [He wheedles them to the table.]  We’ll be able to talk cosily—before anybody else comes.

They yield themselvesHe has a way with him.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We haven’t slept all night.

Newte answers with a sympathetic gestureHe is busy getting ready the breakfast.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  There’s something we want to tell dear Vernon—before he says anything to Fanny.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  It’s something very important.

NEWTE.  We’ll have a cup of tea first—to steady our nerves.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  It’s so important that we should tell him before he sees Fanny.

NEWTE.  We’ll see to it.  [He makes the tea.]  I fancy they’re both asleep at present.


THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  If she only hadn’t—

Dr. Freemantle has entered.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I thought I heard somebody stirring—

NEWTE.  Hush!  [He indicates doors, the one leading to her ladyship’s apartments, the other to his lordship’s.]

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [turning and greeting him].  It was so kind of you not to leave us last night.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We were so upset.

Dr. Freemantle pats their hands.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We hope you slept all right.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Excellently.  Shall be glad of a shave, that’s all.  [LaughsBoth he and Newte suggest the want of one.]

NEWTE [who has been officiating].  Help yourself to milk and sugar.

DR. FREEMANTLE [who has seated himself].  Have the Bennets gone?

NEWTE.  Well, they had their notice all right.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [they have begun to cry].  It has been so wrong and foolish of us.  We have never learnt to do anything for ourselves.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We don’t even know where our things are.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  They can’t all have gone—the whole twenty-three of them, at a couple of hours’ notice.  [To Newte]  Haven’t seen any of them, have you?

NEWTE.  No sign of any of them downstairs.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Oh, they must be still here.  Not up, I suppose.  It isn’t seven o’clock yet.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  But they have all been discharged.  We can’t ask them to do anything.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [to her sister].  And the Grimstones are coming to lunch with the new curate.  Vernon asked them on Sunday.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  Perhaps there’s something cold.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Vernon so dislikes a cold lunch.

DR. FREEMANTLE [to Newte].  Were you able to get hold of Vernon last night?

NEWTE.  Waited up till he came in about two o’clock.  Merely answered that he wasn’t in a talkative mood—brushed past me and locked himself in.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  He wouldn’t say anything to me either.  Rather a bad sign when he won’t talk.

NEWTE.  What’s he likely to do?

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Don’t know.  Of course it will be all over the county.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  And dear Vernon is so sensitive.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  It had to come—the misfortune is

NEWTE.  The misfortune is that people won’t keep to their own line of business.  Why did he want to come fooling around her?  She was doing well for herself.  She could have married a man who would have thought more of her than all the damn fools in the county put together.  Why couldn’t he have left her alone?

DR. FREEMANTLE [he is sitting at the head of the table, between Newte on his right and the Misses Wetherell on his leftHe lays his hand on Newte’s sleeve—with a smile].  I’m sure you can forgive a man—with eyes and ears in his head—for having fallen in love with her.

NEWTE.  Then why doesn’t he stand by her?  What if her uncle is a butler?  If he wasn’t a fool, he’d be thanking his stars that ’twas anything half as respectable.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  I’m not defending him—we’re not sure yet that he needs any defence.  He has married a clever, charming girl of—as you say—a better family than he’d any right to expect.  The misfortune is, that—by a curious bit of ill-luck—it happens to be his own butler.

NEWTE.  If she takes my advice, she’ll return to the stage.  No sense stopping where you’re not wanted.


THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  You see, they’re married!

DR. FREEMANTLE [to change the subject].  You’ll take an egg?

Newte has been boiling someHe has just served them.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL [rejecting it].  Thank you.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We’re not feeling hungry.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  He was so fond of her.


THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  And so thoughtful.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  One would never have known she was an actress.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  If only she hadn’t—

Bennet has enteredNewte is at fireplaceThe old ladies have their backs to the doorDr. Freemantle, who is pouring out tea, is the first to see himHe puts down the teapot, staringThe old ladies look roundA silenceNewte turnsBennet is again the perfect butlerYesterday would seem to have been wiped out of his memory.

BENNET.  Good morning, Miss Wetherell.  Good morning, Miss Edith.  [To the two men]  Good morning.  I was not aware that breakfast was required to be any earlier than usual, or I should have had it ready.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We are sure you would, Bennet.  But you see, under the circumstances, we—we hardly liked to trouble you.

BENNET [he goes about the room, putting things to rightsHe has rung the bellSome dead flowers he packs on to Newte’s tray, the water he pours into Newte’s slop-basin].  My duty, Miss Edith, I have never felt to be a trouble to me.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  We know, Bennet.  You have always been so conscientious.  But, of course, after what’s happened—[They are on the verge of tears again.]

BENNET [he is piling up the breakfast things].  Keziah requested me to apologise to you for not having heard your bell this morning.  She will be ready to wait upon you in a very few minutes.  [To the Doctor]  You will find shaving materials, doctor, on your dressing-table.

DR. FREEMANTLE.  Oh, thank you.

Ernest has entered, with some wood; he is going towards the fire.

BENNET [to Ernest].  Leave the fire for the present.  Take away this tray.  [Ernest takes up the tray, and goes outBennet speaks over the heads of the Misses Wetherell to Newte]  Breakfast will be ready in the morning-room, in a quarter of an hour.

NEWTE [at first puzzled, then indignant, now breaks out].  What’s the little game on here—eh?  Yesterday afternoon you were given the sack—by your mistress, Lady Bantock, with a month’s wages in lieu of notice—not an hour before you deserved it.  What do you mean, going on like this, as if nothing had happened?  Is Lady Bantock to be ignored in this house as if she didn’t exist—or is she not?  [He brings his fist down on the tableHe has been shouting rather than speaking.]  I want this thing settled!

BENNET.  Your bath, Mr. Newte, is quite ready.

NEWTE [as soon as he can recover speech].  Never you mind my bath, I want—

Vernon has enteredHe is pale, heavy-eyed, short in his manner, listless.

VERNON.  Good morning—everybody.  Can I have some breakfast, Bennet?

BENNET.  In about ten minutes; I will bring it up here.  [He collects the kettle from the fire as he passes, and goes out.]

VERNON.  Thank you.  [He responds mechanically to the kisses of his two aunts, who have risen and come to him.]

NEWTE.  Can I have a word with you?

VERNON.  A little later on, if you don’t mind, Mr. Newte.  [He passes him.]

NEWTE [he is about to speak, changes his mind].  All right, go your own way.  [Goes out.]

DR. FREEMANTLE.  “Remember”, says Marcus Aurelius—

VERNON.  Yes—good old sort, Marcus Aurelius.  [He drops listlessly into a chair.]

Dr. Freemantle smiles resignedly, looks at the Misses Wetherell, shrugs his shoulders, and goes out, closing the door after him.

The Misses Wetherell whisper together—look round cautiously, steal up behind him, encouraging one another.



VERNON [he is sitting, bowed down, with his face in his hands].  Ah, it was the deception.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL [she puts her old thin hand on his shoulder].  What would you have done, dear, if she had told you—at first?

VERNON [he takes her hand in his—answers a little brokenly].  I don’t know.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  There’s something we wanted to tell you.  [He looks at herThey look across at each other.]  The first Lady Bantock, your great-grandmamma—

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  She danced with George III.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  She was a butcher’s daughter.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  He was quite a little butcher.

THE ELDER MISS WETHERELL.  Of course, as a rule, dear, we never mention it.

THE YOUNGER MISS WETHERELL.  We felt you ought to know.  [They take each other’s hands; on tip-toe they steal outThey close the door softly behind them.]

Vernon risesHe looks at the portrait—draws nearer to itWith his hands in his pockets, stops dead in front of it, and contemplates it in silenceThe door of the dressing-room opensFanny entersShe is dressed for going outShe stands for a moment, the door in her handVernon turnsShe closes the door and comes forward.

VERNON.  Good morning.

FANNY.  Good morning.  George stayed the night, didn’t he?

VERNON.  Yes.  He’s downstairs now.

FANNY.  He won’t be going for a little while?

VERNON.  Can’t till the ten o’clock train.  Have you had breakfast?

FANNY.  I—I’ve had something to eat.  I’m sorry for what I did last night—although they did deserve it.  [Laughs.]  I suppose it’s a matter than can easily be put right again.

VERNON.  You have no objection to their staying?

FANNY.  Why should I?

VERNON.  What do you mean?

FANNY.  There’s only one hope of righting a mistake.  And that is going back to the point from where one went wrong—and that was our marriage.

[A moment.]

VERNON.  We haven’t given it a very long trial.

FANNY [with an odd smile].  It went to pieces at the first.  I was in trouble all last night; you must have known it.  You left me alone.

VERNON.  Jane told me you had locked yourself in.

FANNY.  You never tried the door for yourself, dear.  [She pretends to rearrange something on the mantelpiece—any excuse to turn away her face for a momentShe turns to him again, smiling.]  It was a mistake, the whole thing.  You were partly to blame.  You were such a nice boy.  I “fancied” you—to use George’s words.  [She laughs.]  And when a woman wants a thing, she is apt to be a bit unscrupulous about how she gets it.  [She moves about the room, touching the flowers, rearranging a cushion, a vase.]  I didn’t invent the bishop; that was George’s embroidery.  [Another laugh.]  But, of course, I ought to have told you everything myself.  I ought not to have wanted a man to whom it would have made one atom of difference whether my cousins were scullery-maids or not.  Somehow, I felt that to you it might.  [Vernon winces.]  It’s natural enough.  You have a big position to maintain.  I didn’t know you were a lord—that was your doing.  George did find it out, but he never told me; least of all, that you were Lord Bantock—or you may be pretty sure I should have come out with the truth, if only for my own sake.  It hasn’t been any joke for me, coming back here.

VERNON.  Yes.  I can see they’ve been making things pretty hard for you.

FANNY.  Oh, they thought they were doing their duty.  [He is seatedShe comes up behind him, puts her hands on his shoulders.]  I want you to take them all back again.  I want to feel I have made as little commotion in your life as possible.  It was just a little mistake.  And everybody will say how fortunate it was that she took herself off so soon with that—[She was about to saythat theatrical Johnny,” thinking of NewteShe checks herself.]  And you will marry somebody belonging to your own class.  And those are the only sensible marriages there are.

VERNON.  Have you done talking?

FANNY.  Yes!  Yes, I think that’s all.

VERNON.  Then perhaps you’ll let me get in a word.  You think me a snob?  [Fanny makes a movement.]  As a matter of fact, I am.

FANNY.  No, that’s not fair.  You wouldn’t have married a girl off the music-hall stage.

VERNON.  Niece of a bishop, cousin to a judge.  Whether I believed it or not, doesn’t matter.  The sham that isn’t likely to be found out is as good as the truth, to a snob.  If he had told me your uncle was a butler, I should have hesitated.  That’s where the mistake began.  We’ll go back to that.  Won’t you sit down?  [Fanny sits.]  I want you to stop.  There’ll be no mistake this time.  I’m asking my butler’s niece to do me the honour to be my wife.

FANNY.  That’s kind of you.

VERNON.  Oh, I’m not thinking of you.  I’m thinking of myself.  I want you.  I fell in love with you because you were pretty and charming.  There’s something else a man wants in his wife besides that.  I’ve found it.  [He jumps up, goes over to her, brushing aside things in his way.]  I’m not claiming it as a right; you can go if you like.  You can earn your own living, I know.  But you shan’t have anybody else.  You’ll be Lady Bantock and nobody else—as long as I live.  [He has grown quite savage.]

FANNY [she bites her lip to keep back the smile that wants to come].  That cuts both ways, you know.

VERNON.  I don’t want anybody else.

FANNY [she stretches out her hand and lays it on his].  Won’t it be too hard for you?  You’ll have to tell them all—your friends—everybody.

VERNON.  They’ve got to be told in any case.  If you are here, for them to see, they’ll be able to understand—those that have got any sense.

Bennet comes in with breakfast, for two, on a trayHe places it on a table.

FANNY [she has risen, she goes over to him].  Good morning, uncle.  [She puts up her faceHe stares, but she persistsBennet kisses her.]  Lord Bantock—[she looks at Vernon]—has a request to make to you.  He wishes me to remain here as his wife.  I am willing to do so, provided you give your consent.

VERNON.  Quite right, Bennet.  I ought to have asked for it before.  I apologise.  Will you give your consent to my marriage with your niece?

FANNY.  One minute.  You understand what it means?  From the moment you give it—if you do give it—I shall be Lady Bantock, your mistress.

BENNET.  My dear Fanny!  My dear Vernon!  I speak, for the first and last time, as your uncle.  I am an old-fashioned person, and my ideas, I have been told, are those of my class.  But observation has impressed it upon me that success in any scheme depends upon each person being fit for their place.  Yesterday, in the interests of you both, I should have refused my consent.  To-day, I give it with pleasure, feeling sure I am handing over to Lord Bantock a wife in every way fit for her position.  [Kissing her, he gives her to Vernon, who grips his handHe returns to the table.]  Breakfast, your ladyship, is quite ready.

They take their places at the tableFanny takes off her hat, Bennet takes off the covers.



***** This file should be named 2829-h.htm or******

This and all associated files of various formats will be found in:

Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions will
be renamed.

Creating the works from print editions not protected by U.S. copyright
law means that no one owns a United States copyright in these works,
so the Foundation (and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United
States without permission and without paying copyright
royalties. Special rules, set forth in the General Terms of Use part
of this license, apply to copying and distributing Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works to protect the PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm
concept and trademark. Project Gutenberg is a registered trademark,
and may not be used if you charge for the eBooks, unless you receive
specific permission. If you do not charge anything for copies of this
eBook, complying with the rules is very easy. You may use this eBook
for nearly any purpose such as creation of derivative works, reports,
performances and research. They may be modified and printed and given
away--you may do practically ANYTHING in the United States with eBooks
not protected by U.S. copyright law. Redistribution is subject to the
trademark license, especially commercial redistribution.



To protect the Project Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting the free
distribution of electronic works, by using or distributing this work
(or any other work associated in any way with the phrase "Project
Gutenberg"), you agree to comply with all the terms of the Full
Project Gutenberg-tm License available with this file or online at

Section 1. General Terms of Use and Redistributing Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works

1.A. By reading or using any part of this Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic work, you indicate that you have read, understand, agree to
and accept all the terms of this license and intellectual property
(trademark/copyright) agreement. If you do not agree to abide by all
the terms of this agreement, you must cease using and return or
destroy all copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in your
possession. If you paid a fee for obtaining a copy of or access to a
Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work and you do not agree to be bound
by the terms of this agreement, you may obtain a refund from the
person or entity to whom you paid the fee as set forth in paragraph

1.B. "Project Gutenberg" is a registered trademark. It may only be
used on or associated in any way with an electronic work by people who
agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement. There are a few
things that you can do with most Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works
even without complying with the full terms of this agreement. See
paragraph 1.C below. There are a lot of things you can do with Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works if you follow the terms of this
agreement and help preserve free future access to Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic works. See paragraph 1.E below.

1.C. The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation ("the
Foundation" or PGLAF), owns a compilation copyright in the collection
of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works. Nearly all the individual
works in the collection are in the public domain in the United
States. If an individual work is unprotected by copyright law in the
United States and you are located in the United States, we do not
claim a right to prevent you from copying, distributing, performing,
displaying or creating derivative works based on the work as long as
all references to Project Gutenberg are removed. Of course, we hope
that you will support the Project Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting
free access to electronic works by freely sharing Project Gutenberg-tm
works in compliance with the terms of this agreement for keeping the
Project Gutenberg-tm name associated with the work. You can easily
comply with the terms of this agreement by keeping this work in the
same format with its attached full Project Gutenberg-tm License when
you share it without charge with others.

1.D. The copyright laws of the place where you are located also govern
what you can do with this work. Copyright laws in most countries are
in a constant state of change. If you are outside the United States,
check the laws of your country in addition to the terms of this
agreement before downloading, copying, displaying, performing,
distributing or creating derivative works based on this work or any
other Project Gutenberg-tm work. The Foundation makes no
representations concerning the copyright status of any work in any
country outside the United States.

1.E. Unless you have removed all references to Project Gutenberg:

1.E.1. The following sentence, with active links to, or other
immediate access to, the full Project Gutenberg-tm License must appear
prominently whenever any copy of a Project Gutenberg-tm work (any work
on which the phrase "Project Gutenberg" appears, or with which the
phrase "Project Gutenberg" is associated) is accessed, displayed,
performed, viewed, copied or distributed:

  This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the United States and
  most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no
  restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it
  under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this
  eBook or online at If you are not located in the
  United States, you'll have to check the laws of the country where you
  are located before using this ebook.

1.E.2. If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is
derived from texts not protected by U.S. copyright law (does not
contain a notice indicating that it is posted with permission of the
copyright holder), the work can be copied and distributed to anyone in
the United States without paying any fees or charges. If you are
redistributing or providing access to a work with the phrase "Project
Gutenberg" associated with or appearing on the work, you must comply
either with the requirements of paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 or
obtain permission for the use of the work and the Project Gutenberg-tm
trademark as set forth in paragraphs 1.E.8 or 1.E.9.

1.E.3. If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is posted
with the permission of the copyright holder, your use and distribution
must comply with both paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 and any
additional terms imposed by the copyright holder. Additional terms
will be linked to the Project Gutenberg-tm License for all works
posted with the permission of the copyright holder found at the
beginning of this work.

1.E.4. Do not unlink or detach or remove the full Project Gutenberg-tm
License terms from this work, or any files containing a part of this
work or any other work associated with Project Gutenberg-tm.

1.E.5. Do not copy, display, perform, distribute or redistribute this
electronic work, or any part of this electronic work, without
prominently displaying the sentence set forth in paragraph 1.E.1 with
active links or immediate access to the full terms of the Project
Gutenberg-tm License.

1.E.6. You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary,
compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including
any word processing or hypertext form. However, if you provide access
to or distribute copies of a Project Gutenberg-tm work in a format
other than "Plain Vanilla ASCII" or other format used in the official
version posted on the official Project Gutenberg-tm web site
(, you must, at no additional cost, fee or expense
to the user, provide a copy, a means of exporting a copy, or a means
of obtaining a copy upon request, of the work in its original "Plain
Vanilla ASCII" or other form. Any alternate format must include the
full Project Gutenberg-tm License as specified in paragraph 1.E.1.

1.E.7. Do not charge a fee for access to, viewing, displaying,
performing, copying or distributing any Project Gutenberg-tm works
unless you comply with paragraph 1.E.8 or 1.E.9.

1.E.8. You may charge a reasonable fee for copies of or providing
access to or distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works
provided that

* You pay a royalty fee of 20% of the gross profits you derive from
  the use of Project Gutenberg-tm works calculated using the method
  you already use to calculate your applicable taxes. The fee is owed
  to the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark, but he has
  agreed to donate royalties under this paragraph to the Project
  Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. Royalty payments must be paid
  within 60 days following each date on which you prepare (or are
  legally required to prepare) your periodic tax returns. Royalty
  payments should be clearly marked as such and sent to the Project
  Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation at the address specified in
  Section 4, "Information about donations to the Project Gutenberg
  Literary Archive Foundation."

* You provide a full refund of any money paid by a user who notifies
  you in writing (or by e-mail) within 30 days of receipt that s/he
  does not agree to the terms of the full Project Gutenberg-tm
  License. You must require such a user to return or destroy all
  copies of the works possessed in a physical medium and discontinue
  all use of and all access to other copies of Project Gutenberg-tm

* You provide, in accordance with paragraph 1.F.3, a full refund of
  any money paid for a work or a replacement copy, if a defect in the
  electronic work is discovered and reported to you within 90 days of
  receipt of the work.

* You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free
  distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm works.

1.E.9. If you wish to charge a fee or distribute a Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic work or group of works on different terms than
are set forth in this agreement, you must obtain permission in writing
from both the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and The
Project Gutenberg Trademark LLC, the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm
trademark. Contact the Foundation as set forth in Section 3 below.


1.F.1. Project Gutenberg volunteers and employees expend considerable
effort to identify, do copyright research on, transcribe and proofread
works not protected by U.S. copyright law in creating the Project
Gutenberg-tm collection. Despite these efforts, Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic works, and the medium on which they may be stored, may
contain "Defects," such as, but not limited to, incomplete, inaccurate
or corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other
intellectual property infringement, a defective or damaged disk or
other medium, a computer virus, or computer codes that damage or
cannot be read by your equipment.

of Replacement or Refund" described in paragraph 1.F.3, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, the owner of the Project
Gutenberg-tm trademark, and any other party distributing a Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic work under this agreement, disclaim all
liability to you for damages, costs and expenses, including legal

defect in this electronic work within 90 days of receiving it, you can
receive a refund of the money (if any) you paid for it by sending a
written explanation to the person you received the work from. If you
received the work on a physical medium, you must return the medium
with your written explanation. The person or entity that provided you
with the defective work may elect to provide a replacement copy in
lieu of a refund. If you received the work electronically, the person
or entity providing it to you may choose to give you a second
opportunity to receive the work electronically in lieu of a refund. If
the second copy is also defective, you may demand a refund in writing
without further opportunities to fix the problem.

1.F.4. Except for the limited right of replacement or refund set forth
in paragraph 1.F.3, this work is provided to you 'AS-IS', WITH NO

1.F.5. Some states do not allow disclaimers of certain implied
warranties or the exclusion or limitation of certain types of
damages. If any disclaimer or limitation set forth in this agreement
violates the law of the state applicable to this agreement, the
agreement shall be interpreted to make the maximum disclaimer or
limitation permitted by the applicable state law. The invalidity or
unenforceability of any provision of this agreement shall not void the
remaining provisions.

1.F.6. INDEMNITY - You agree to indemnify and hold the Foundation, the
trademark owner, any agent or employee of the Foundation, anyone
providing copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in
accordance with this agreement, and any volunteers associated with the
production, promotion and distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic works, harmless from all liability, costs and expenses,
including legal fees, that arise directly or indirectly from any of
the following which you do or cause to occur: (a) distribution of this
or any Project Gutenberg-tm work, (b) alteration, modification, or
additions or deletions to any Project Gutenberg-tm work, and (c) any
Defect you cause.

Section 2. Information about the Mission of Project Gutenberg-tm

Project Gutenberg-tm is synonymous with the free distribution of
electronic works in formats readable by the widest variety of
computers including obsolete, old, middle-aged and new computers. It
exists because of the efforts of hundreds of volunteers and donations
from people in all walks of life.

Volunteers and financial support to provide volunteers with the
assistance they need are critical to reaching Project Gutenberg-tm's
goals and ensuring that the Project Gutenberg-tm collection will
remain freely available for generations to come. In 2001, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation was created to provide a secure
and permanent future for Project Gutenberg-tm and future
generations. To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary
Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see
Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation information page at Section 3. Information about the Project Gutenberg
Literary Archive Foundation

The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation is a non profit
501(c)(3) educational corporation organized under the laws of the
state of Mississippi and granted tax exempt status by the Internal
Revenue Service. The Foundation's EIN or federal tax identification
number is 64-6221541. Contributions to the Project Gutenberg Literary
Archive Foundation are tax deductible to the full extent permitted by
U.S. federal laws and your state's laws.

The Foundation's principal office is in Fairbanks, Alaska, with the
mailing address: PO Box 750175, Fairbanks, AK 99775, but its
volunteers and employees are scattered throughout numerous
locations. Its business office is located at 809 North 1500 West, Salt
Lake City, UT 84116, (801) 596-1887. Email contact links and up to
date contact information can be found at the Foundation's web site and
official page at

For additional contact information:

    Dr. Gregory B. Newby
    Chief Executive and Director

Section 4. Information about Donations to the Project Gutenberg
Literary Archive Foundation

Project Gutenberg-tm depends upon and cannot survive without wide
spread public support and donations to carry out its mission of
increasing the number of public domain and licensed works that can be
freely distributed in machine readable form accessible by the widest
array of equipment including outdated equipment. Many small donations
($1 to $5,000) are particularly important to maintaining tax exempt
status with the IRS.

The Foundation is committed to complying with the laws regulating
charities and charitable donations in all 50 states of the United
States. Compliance requirements are not uniform and it takes a
considerable effort, much paperwork and many fees to meet and keep up
with these requirements. We do not solicit donations in locations
where we have not received written confirmation of compliance. To SEND
DONATIONS or determine the status of compliance for any particular
state visit

While we cannot and do not solicit contributions from states where we
have not met the solicitation requirements, we know of no prohibition
against accepting unsolicited donations from donors in such states who
approach us with offers to donate.

International donations are gratefully accepted, but we cannot make
any statements concerning tax treatment of donations received from
outside the United States. U.S. laws alone swamp our small staff.

Please check the Project Gutenberg Web pages for current donation
methods and addresses. Donations are accepted in a number of other
ways including checks, online payments and credit card donations. To
donate, please visit:

Section 5. General Information About Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works.

Professor Michael S. Hart was the originator of the Project
Gutenberg-tm concept of a library of electronic works that could be
freely shared with anyone. For forty years, he produced and
distributed Project Gutenberg-tm eBooks with only a loose network of
volunteer support.

Project Gutenberg-tm eBooks are often created from several printed
editions, all of which are confirmed as not protected by copyright in
the U.S. unless a copyright notice is included. Thus, we do not
necessarily keep eBooks in compliance with any particular paper

Most people start at our Web site which has the main PG search

This Web site includes information about Project Gutenberg-tm,
including how to make donations to the Project Gutenberg Literary
Archive Foundation, how to help produce our new eBooks, and how to
subscribe to our email newsletter to hear about new eBooks.